Propagation is done by means of runners that are formed after the blooming season. The plants may be allowed to set as many runners as possible but not allowed to set any fruits.All the plants with good root system should be utilised to set a new plantation. Given the best attention and care, a single plant usually produces 12 to 18 runners.
The land for
planting should be thoroughly prepared by deep ploughingfollowed by harrowing. Liberal quantities of organic manure should be incorporated inthe soil before plating.
can be planted on flat beds, in the form of hill rowsor matted rows, or it can be planted on raised beds. In irrigated areas, plantings on ridgesis advised. In Mahabaleshwar, the usual practice is to plant on raised beds 4 x 3 meters or 4 x 4 meters. The planting distance should be 45 cm from plant to plant and 60 to 75 cm.from row to row. In the hills, Transplanting is done in March-April, September-October, but in the plains, the months of January-February may be utilised for this purpose. AtMahabaleshwar normally
is planted during November-December.The plants should be set in the soil with their roots going straight down. The soil aroundthe plant should be firmly packed to exclude air. The growing point of the plant should be just above the soil surface. During planting, the plants should not be allowed to dry outand should be irrigated immediately after planting.
Care of young Plantation
The roots of
plants spread out close to the surface. Therefore, the soil should be well supplied with moisture, and hoeing should be done lightly and young plantation be kept weed free.
Special Horticultural practices
In cold climate the soil is covered with a mulch in winter to protect the roots from coldinjury. The mulch keeps the fruits free from soil, reduces decay of fruits, conserves soilmoisture, lowers soil temperature in hot weather, protects flowers from frost in mildclimates and protects plants from freezing injury in cold climates. Several kinds of