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Copyright ©2003 by the National Information Standards OrganizationAll rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. No part of thisbook may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without priorpermission in writing from the publisher. All inquiries should be addressed to NISO Press, 4733Bethesda Avenue, Suite 300, Bethesda, MD 20814.Printed in the United States of AmericaISSN:1041-5653 National Information Standard SeriesISBN:1-880124-55-6
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
National Information Standards Organization (U.S.)Information retrieval (Z39.50) : application service definition and protocol specification : anAmerican national standard / developed by the National Information Standards Organization.p. cm. -- (National information standards series. ISSN 1041-5653)"Approved November 27, 2002 by the American National Standards Institute.""ANSI/NISO Z39.50-2003 (maintenance revision of Z39.50-1995.)"ISBN 1-880124-55-6 (alk. paper)1. Library information networks--Standards--United States. 2. Information storage andretrieval systems--Standards-- United States. 3. Computer networkprotocols--Standards--United States. I. Title: Z39.50. II American National StandardsInstitute. III. Title. IV. Series.Z674.8.N44 2003025'.0028546--dc21200342115