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Load Test on Dc Compund Generator

Load Test on Dc Compund Generator

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Published by kudupudinagesh

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Published by: kudupudinagesh on Dec 22, 2011
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05/05/2012

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EM 1 LAB ,BVCR RAJAHMUNDRY Prepared by K. Nagesh & V.D.Neelima
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM FOR LOAD TEST ON D.C. COMPOUND GENERATOR
Drop Test for R
a
:Drop Test for R
SE
:
 
EM 1 LAB ,BVCR RAJAHMUNDRY Prepared by K. Nagesh & V.D.Neelima
LOAD TEST ON D.C COMPOUND GENERATOR
AIM:-
To conduct load test on a D.C Compound Generator and to draw its internal and externalcharacteristics.
 APPARATUS:S.No Name of the Equipment Type Range Qty.
1 Ammeter M.C 0
 – 
2 A 1No.2 Ammeter M.C 0
 – 
20A 1No.3 Voltmeter M.C 0
 – 
300V 1No.4 Voltmeter M.C 0
 – 
30V 1No.5 Rheostat Wire wound
50 Ω/ 5A
1No.6 Rheostat Wire wound
360 Ω/ 1.2A
1No.7 Tachometer Digital 0
 – 
10,000 rpm 1No.8 Resistive Loading Bank Resistive Type 3 K W 1No.
THEORY:
D.C compound generator consists of both series and shunt field windings.
 
In a Compound Generator, theshunt field is stronger than the Series field The shunt field excitations are almost constant. The effect of series field is variable, however since its ampere turns depend upto the load current. When the load currentis zero, it produces no flux and when the load current is high it creates appreciable flux. The shunt and seriesfield coils should be so connected that they create the flux in the same direction. Under this condition thegenerator is said to be cumulative compound. If the series winding is so connected with the shunt fieldwinding. The series field flux opposes the shunt field flux, the terminal voltage of the generator falls withthe increase in load. This type of connection of the generator is known as differential compound connectionfig. (1) & (2) shown both cumulative and differential connections. If the full load voltage is-load voltage, itis referred as flat compound.
PROCEDURE:
 1.
 
Make the connections as per the circuit diagram.2.
 
Give the supply to the motor by closing DPST switch.3.
 
Start the motor with the help of 3- Point starter.4.
 
Adjust the speed of the motor to its rated value by varying either field or armaturerheostat as per the requirement.5.
 
Vary the generator field rheostat until the rated voltage is indicated by the voltmeter.6.
 
Take 4 to 5 readings by closing load switch and applying the load.7.
 
Remove all loads on generator and stop the motor.8.
 
Reverse the terminals of either shunt field or series field.9.
 
Again start the generator and repeat the steps from 1 to 710.
 
Find out the armature and series field resistance by conducting drop test.11.
 
Do the calculations and draw the necessary graph.
Tabular form for Drop TestFor (R
a
)
:
 S.No. Voltage ( V ) Current in ( A ) Armature ResistanceR
a
= V / I
1234AVERAGE
 
EM 1 LAB ,BVCR RAJAHMUNDRY Prepared by K. Nagesh & V.D.Neelima
For R
SE:
S.No. Voltage ( V ) Current in ( A ) Armature ResistanceR
SE
= V / I
1234AVERAGE
Tabulation for Cumulative Compound Genearator:Tabulation for Differential Compound Generator:S.No Voltage Line Current( I
L
)Field CurrentI
sh
( Amps)I
a
=I
L
+ I
sh
 AmpsInducedEg = V + I
a
( R
a
+ R
se
)
1234567
Model Graphs:S.No Voltage Line Current( I
L
)Field CurrentI
sh
( Amps)I
a
=I
L
+ I
sh
 AmpsInducedEg = V + I
a
( R
a
+ R
se
)
1234567

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