The Siva Samhita – Chapter I
Existence one only.
(Gnosis) alone is eternal; it is without beginning or end; there exists no other real substance.Diversities which we see in the world are results of sense-conditions; when the latter cease, then this Jnanaalone, and nothing else, remains.2-3.I, Ishvara, the lover of my devotees, and Giver of spiritual emancipation to all creatures, thus declare thescience of
(the exposition of Yoga). In it are discarded all those doctrines of disputants,which lead to false knowledge. It is for the spiritual disenthralment of persons whose minds areundistracted and fully turned towards Me.
Differences of opinion.
4.Some praise truth, others purification and asceticism; some praise forgiveness, others equality and sincerity.5.Some praise alms-giving, others laud sacrifices made in honor of one's ancestors; some praise action(
), others think dispassion (
) to be the best.6.Some wise persons praise the performance of the duties of the householder; other authorities hold up fire-sacrifice
., as the highest.7.Some praise
, others the frequenting of places of pilgrimage. Thus are the ways which peopledeclare emancipation.8.Being thus diversely engaged in this world, even those who still know what actions are good and what areevil, though free from sin, become subject to bewilderment.9.Persons who follow these doctrines, having committed good and bad actions, constantly wander in theworlds, in the cycle of births and deaths, bound by dire necessity.10.Others, wiser among many, and eagerly devoted to the investigation of the occult, declare that the souls aremany and eternal, and omnipresent.11.Others say, “Only those things can be said to exist which are perceived by the senses and nothing besidesthem; where is heaven or hell?” Such is their firm belief.12.Others believe the world to be a current of consciousness and no material entity; some call the void as thegreatest. Others believe in two essences – Matter (
) and Spirit (
).13-14.Thus believing in widely different doctrines, with faces turned away from the supreme goal, they think,according to their understanding and education, that this universe is without God; others believe there is aGod, basing their assertions on various irrefutable arguments, founded on texts declaring difference betweensoul and God, and anxious to establish the existence of God.15-16.These and many other sages with various different denominations, have been declared in the
asleaders of the human mind into delusion. It is not possible to describe fully the doctrines of these persons sofond of quarrel and contention; people thus wander in this universe, being driven away from the path of emancipation.
Yoga the only true method
17.Having studied all the
and having pondered over them well, again and again, this
hasbeen found to be the only true and firm doctrine.18.Since by
all this verily is known as a certainty, all exertion should be made to acquire it. What is thenecessity then of any other doctrines?19.This
, now being declared by us, is a very secret doctrine, only to be revealed to a high-souledpious devotee throughout the three worlds.