Front for the Liberation of the State of Cabinda v Republic ofAngola
Extraordinary Session of the ACHPR
The Complainant alleges that since 2002, the Respondent State hasundertaken a massive military campaign against Cabinda and thatwhen this failed, the former entered into
negotiations withCabindan factions in an attempt to confuse issues. These negotiationsexcluded the Chairman of FLEC, Mr. Nzita Tiago - the only universallyrecognized Cabindan authority
and resulted in a Peace Accord thatwas contested by both Cabinda and the democratic opposition inAngola, the UNITA.5.
The Complainant further alleges that the Respondent State has alsomaintained a large military force in Cabinda which has committednumerous documented human rights violations therein.
TheComplainant claims that in 2006 the Angolan Forces (FAA) committeddozens of human rights and humanitarian violations such as: thebombardment of civilian dwellings in the Mayombe (Piading) region;summary execution of Cabinda patriots in Buco, Zao and beatings andtorture of Mpalabanda members in Caio Poba.6.
The Complainant claims that in July 2006 Angola banned the onlyindependent human rights organization in Cabinda, Mpalabnda(Associacao Civica de Cabinda) by a court order, for allegedly incitingviolence and hatred, and carrying out political activities rather thanbeing a civil society organization.7.
Furthermore, the Complainant avers that the Angolan Government isexercising economic exploitation of Cabindan resources. They claimthat Cabindans have been suffering from high unemployment, lack ofeducational opportunities, disease and intense poverty since theAngolan Government took over
Cabinda‟s natural resources such as
offshore oil, onshore mineral and oil resources.8.
The Complainant further alleges that Angolan Government haseconomically dominated the Cabindan people by denying them theirstatus as people and by extracting more than ninety
(90%) oftheir economic patrimony while returning less than ten
In so doing, Angola‟s
Government, the Complainant alleges, hasperpetrated neo-colonialism.
The alleged violations include extrajudicial/summary executions, arbitrary arrests
and detention, sexual violence, denial of civilians‟ freedom of movement, torture and other