Fig. 5 Power outputs from the number of reflectors used
This test was conducted with the solar panels stand set to afixed longitude angle of 70
as this is the common roof anglediscussed previously.
The reflectors were fixed to optimal angle of 22.5
throughout the recordings. Note that the recordings for 6:00AM and 6:30 AM outputs were estimated by the curvecharacteristics.The reflectors tracked the suns lateral movementsthroughout the recordings. Note that the recordings for 6:00AM and 6:30 AM outputs were estimated by the curvecharacteristics.The results indicate that having tracking reflectors results inhigher power output than that of stationary reflectors. Bothseem to peak at the same time of 11AM, however the trackingreflectors give the output power of the reflectors a constantand spread out curve characteristic but with added complexityto the solar energy system.The curves are not symmetrical for this system as bothcurves start to taper off after midday. This system does notprovided a constant and predicable output and that can becrucial when incorporating this energy into a system thatneeds constant and predicable power.The output voltages for both systems were relatively thesame throughout and the output current varied depending onthe amount and intensity of light that was applied to the solarcells.
Single Axis Tracking Panel
The single axis tracking panel test scenario was conductedby having the solar panel tracking the sun lateral movementsand the longitude angle set to approximately 70
,(Approximately longitude angle in October when results weretaken). The stand was fixed to face due north. The reflectorswere set to an optimum angle of 22.5
along the side.
Two-axis Tracking Panel
The two-axis tracking panel test scenario was conducted byhaving the solar panel tracking the sun lateral and thelongitude angle was tracked Results were taken in Octoberwith the solar energy system having a longitude angle of approximately 70
with the solar panel facing due north. Thereflectors were set to an optimum angle of 22.5
along theside.Both the single-axis and two-axis trackers gave the solarintensifier unit the most consist and produced the highestpower readings. The resulting curve characteristics of bothsystems were as expected being both that they gave a close tosymmetrical shape and that the two-axis tracker gave thehighest power readings. The peak readings for both systemsoccurred between the hours of 11:00AM and 1:00 PM werethe sun was at its highest point in the sky and most intense.The peak reading for the single-axis tracker was 23.35W and24.07W for the two-axis tracker. Both systems requirecomplex and detailed automated systems but the power outputis much larger than the other system scenarios and willcompensate for this added complexity. Fig. 7 shows the outputpower for both tracking systems.V.
After looking at all the results from the solar panel tests,Fig. 8 shows an overall comparison of the outputs.The graph clearly shows the axis tracking panels to be farsuperior to the rest. The two-axis tracker generates morepower than the single-axis tracker due to the fact the two-axistracking panel was facing directly at the sun at all times. Thesingle-axis tracker however creates a lot more than the rest of the solar energy systems with minimal complexity comparedwith the two-axis tracker.The resulting power produced by all six solar energysystems shows the impact of tracking panels or reflectors hasonto solar cells. The roof-mounted system with trackingreflectors gave more power output than that of the stationarystand. This is due to the fact that the roof was set to alongitude angle of 70
. This angle is closer to the sun’slongitude angle during testing. The tests were conducted inOctober, which has a longitude angle of around 70
.The stationary stand however was sitting at an angle of 60
.This angle was chosen as mentioned before to be half way inbetween the peak summer and winter angles. The roof-mounted system with tracking reflectors would be one of theleast complex systems to setup at home and would providesufficient power output. If the power out for the stationarystand was tested for every day the results would indicate amore stable and constant power output.VI.
The solar panel converts sunlight into DC electricity. ThisDC voltage charges the battery and is then fed to the batteryvia a solar regulator which ensures the battery is chargedproperly and not damaged. DC appliances can be powereddirectly from the battery, but AC appliances require aninverter to convert the DC electricity into 240 Volt AC power.A regulated DC voltage can then be fed into the axis andreflector tracking system to provide movement for the solarpanel stand and reflectors.
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