‘s record on appointments was also dismal, specifically his nomination of
John J.Parker to the Supreme Court.
Parker‘s views on race were questionable at best. While running forgovernor of North Carolina in 1920, Parker was quoted as saying, ―The Negro as a class does not
desire to enter politics. The Republican party of North Carolina does not desire him to do so. Werecognize that he has not yet reached the stage in his development when he can share the burdens
and responsibilities of government.‖
In response to these comments, the NAACP launched a vigorous lobbying effort
to block Parker‘s
ver, after Parker‘s confirmation was
defeated, the Association organized a campaign against four pro
Parker senators in the elections of 1930 which helped two to lose their seats.
These political campaigns galvanized African
American voters in the lead up to the 1932 presidential elections.Many African
Americans, however, still distrusted the Democratic Party. In 1932, theDemocrats nominated another New York governor, Franklin D. Roosevelt. In contrast to theCatholic, immigrant background of Al Smith, Roosevelt was an American patrician with littlepersonal experience in the problems of race relations.
Roosevelt‘s running mate,
Speaker of the House John Nance Garner of Texas, inspired little confidence of a renewedDemocratic attitude towards African
Americans; the Democratic equal rights plank did not evenmention race.
Nevertheless, Roosevelt displayed a remarkably progressive attitude towards racialissues and his comments foreshadowed his later action. In Detroit, for example, Roosevelt stated
that, ―I believe in equal economic and legal opportunity for all groups, rega
rdless of race, color or
Meanwhile, Hoover continued to mismanage the issue of race. The Republican equal rightsplatform was no more than a vague appeal to history and, according to the Chicago
, ―a worthless political sop to members of our Race.‖
Additionally, his lackluster response to theDepression was compared to his maladministration of the 1927 Mississippi flood relief as Secretary