1Tooley on Abortion1.
Tooley thinks that the moral status of abortion is determined by whether or not afetus is a person.1.1.
Tooley defines ‘person’ as follows:x is a person =df. x has a moral right to life.1.2.
He suggests that there are only two plausible positions on the moral status of abortion: either (a)
a human fetus is a person, and so “one would be justified in killing it only tosave the life of the mother”; or (b)
a fetus is not a person, and there is nothing seriously wrong about killing it.1.3.
Tooley is going to argue that fetuses (and even infants) are not persons, and abortion(for any reason) is morally acceptable.Think of this in terms of the following argument:P1. It is always morally wrong to end the life of a person.P2. All fetuses are persons.C1. Therefore, it is always morally wrong to end the life of a fetus.P3. All abortions end the life of a fetus.C2. Therefore, abortion is never morally right.Tooley denies the conclusion C, and says the argument is unsound because P2 is false.2.
Tooley’s Argument That a Fetus is Not a Person2.1.
Tooley claims that something must have
to be a person.That is,x is a person only if (1)
x has the concept of a self and(2)
x believes that it is itself such a self.