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Table Of Contents

1.1 Motivation: The Einstein Equivalence Principle
1.2 Accelerated Observers and the Rindler Metric
1.3 General Coordinate Transformations in Minkowski Space
1.4 Metrics and Coordinate Transformations
1.5 The Geodesic Equation and Christoffel Symbols
1.6 Christoffel Symbols and Coordinate Transformations
2 The Physics and Geometry of Geodesics
2.1 An Alternative Variational Principle for Geodesics
2.3 A Simple Example
2.4 Consequences and Uses of the Euler-Lagrange Equations
2.5 Conserved Charges and (a first encounter with) Killing Vectors
2.6 The Newtonian Limit
2.7 The Gravitational Red-Shift
2.8 Locally Inertial and Riemann Normal Coordinates
3 Tensor Algebra
3.1 From the Einstein Equivalence Principle to the Principle of General
3.2 Tensors
3.3 Tensor Algebra
3.4 Tensor Densities
3.5 * A Coordinate-Independent Interpretation of Tensors
4 Tensor Analysis
4.1 The Covariant Derivative for Vector Fields
4.2 * Invariant Interpretation of the Covariant Derivative
4.3 Extension of the Covariant Derivative to Other Tensor Fields
4.4 Main Properties of the Covariant Derivative
4.5 Tensor Analysis: Some Special Cases
4.6 Covariant Differentiation Along a Curve
4.7 Parallel Transport and Geodesics
4.8 * Generalisations
5 Physics in a Gravitational Field
5.1 The Principle of Minimal Coupling
5.2 Particle Mechanics in a Gravitational Field Revisited
5.3 Klein-Gordon Scalar Field in a Gravitational Field
5.4 Maxwell Theory in a Gravitational Field
5.5 On the Energy-Momentum Tensor for Weyl-invariant Actions
5.6 Conserved Quantities from Covariantly Conserved Currents
5.7 Conserved Quantities from Covariantly Conserved Tensors?
6 The Lie Derivative, Symmetries and Killing Vectors
6.1 Symmetries of a Metric (Isometries): Preliminary Remarks
6.2 The Lie Derivative for Scalars
6.3 The Lie Derivative for Vector Fields
6.4 The Lie Derivative for other Tensor Fields
6.5 The Lie Derivative of the Metric and Killing Vectors
6.6 Killing Vectors and Conserved Quantities
7.3 Symmetries and Algebraic Properties of the Riemann Tensor
7.4 The Ricci Tensor and the Ricci Scalar
7.5 An Example: The Curvature Tensor of the Two-Sphere
7.6 * More on Curvature in 2 (spacelike) Dimensions
7.7 Bianchi Identities
7.8 Another Look at the Principle of General Covariance
8 Curvature II: Geometry and Curvature
8.1 Intrinsic Geometry, Curvature and Parallel Transport
8.2 Vanishing Riemann Tensor and Existence of Flat Coordinates
8.3 The Geodesic Deviation Equation
8.4 * The Raychaudhuri Equation
9 Towards the Einstein Equations
9.1 Heuristics
9.2 A More Systematic Approach
9.3 The Weak-Field Limit
9.4 The Einstein Equations
9.5 Significance of the Bianchi Identities
9.6 The Cosmological Constant
9.7 * The Weyl Tensor and the Propagation of Gravity
10 The Einstein Equations from a Variational Principle
10.1 The Einstein-Hilbert Action
10.2 The Matter Action
10.3 Consequences of the Variational Principle
Part II: Selected Applications of General Relativity
11 The Schwarzschild Metric
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Static Isotropic Metrics
11.3 Solving the Einstein Equations for a Static Spherically Symmetric
11.4 Birkhoff’s Theorem
12.1 From Conserved Quantities to the Effective Potential
12.2 The Equation for the Shape of the Orbit
12.3 Timelike Geodesics
12.4 The Anomalous Precessionof the Perihelia of the PlanetaryOrbits
12.5 Null Geodesics
12.6 The Bending of Light by a Star: 3 Derivations
12.7 A Unified Description in terms of the Runge-Lenz Vector
13 Black Holes: Approaching and Crossing the Schwarzschild Ra-
13.1 Stationary Observers
13.2 Vertical Free Fall
13.3 Vertical Free Fall as seen by a Distant Observer
13.4 Infinite Gravitational Red-Shift
13.5 The Geometry Near rS and Minkowski Space in Rindler Coordinates
13.6 Tortoise Coordinates
13.7 Eddington-Finkelstein Coordinates, Black Holes and Event Hori-
13.8 The Klein-Gordon Field in the Schwarzschild Geometry
13.9 The Kruskal-Szekeres Metric
13.10 Varia on Black Holes and Gravitational Collapse
14 Interlude: Maximally Symmetric Spaces
14.1 Curvature and Killing Vectors
14.2 Homogeneous, Isotropic and Maximally Symmetric Spaces
14.3 The Curvature Tensor of a Maximally Symmetric Space
14.4 The Metric of a Maximally Symmetric Space I
14.5 The Metric of a Maximally Symmetric Space II
14.6 The Metric of a Maximally Symmetric Space III
15 Cosmology I: Basics
15.1 Preliminary Remarks
15.2 Fundamental Observations I: The Cosmological Principle
15.3 Fundamental Observations II: Olbers’ Paradox
15.4 Fundamental Observations III: The Hubble(-Lemaˆıtre) Expansion
15.5 Mathematical Model: the Robertson-Walker Metric
15.6 * Area Measurements in a Robertson-Walker Metric and Number
15.7 The Cosmological Red-Shift
15.8 The Red-Shift Distance Relation (Hubble’s Law)
16 Cosmology II: Basics of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Cosmol-
16.1 The Ricci Tensor of the Robertson-Walker Metric
16.2 The Matter Content: A Perfect Fluid
16.3 Conservation Laws
16.4 The Einstein and Friedmann Equations
17 Cosmology III: Qualitative Analysis
17.1 The Big Bang
17.2 The Age of the Universe
17.3 Long Term Behaviour
17.4 Density Parameters and the Critical Density
17.5 The Universe Today
18 Cosmology IV: Exact Solutions
18.1 Preliminaries
18.2 The Einstein Universe
18.3 The Matter Dominated Era
18.4 The Radiation Dominated Era
18.5 The Vacuum Dominated Era: (Anti-) de Sitter Space
19 Linearised Gravity and Gravitational Waves
19.1 Preliminary Remarks
19.2 The Linearised Einstein Equations
19.3 Gauge Freedom and Coordinate Choices
19.4 The Wave Equation
19.5 The Polarisation Tensor
19.6 Physical Effects of Gravitational Waves
19.7 Detection of Gravitational Waves
20 * Exact Wave-like Solutions of the Einstein Equations
20.1 Plane Waves in Rosen Coordinates: Heuristics
20.2 From pp-waves to plane waves in Brinkmann coordinates
20.3 Geodesics, Light-Cone Gauge and Harmonic Oscillators
20.4 Curvature and Singularities of Plane Waves
20.5 From Rosen to Brinkmann coordinates (and back)
20.6 More on Rosen Coordinates
20.7 The Heisenberg Isometry Algebra of a Generic Plane Wave
20.8 Plane Waves with more Isometries
21.1 Motivation: Gravity and Gauge Theory
21.2 The Kaluza-Klein Miracle: History and Overview
21.3 The Origin of Gauge Invariance
21.6 Masses and Charges from Scalar Fields in Five Dimenions
21.7 Kinematics of Dimensional Reduction
21.8 The Kaluza-Klein Ansatz Revisited
21.9 Non-Abelian Generalisation and Outlook
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Published by: Pratim Roy on Dec 25, 2011
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