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Drugs and Teens

Drugs and Teens

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Published by tony_petri
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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: tony_petri on Dec 26, 2011
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02/05/2013

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 Substance Abuse and Adolescence
Drugs use is very prevalent in our society as are substance use disorders (SUDS). Thereis much concern with how this substance use is effecting the teens and young adults of contemporary society (Single, Kandel & Faust, 1974; Branstrom, Sjostrom & Andeasson , 2007;Grady, Gersick, & Boratynski, 1985; Bogenschneider, Wu, Raffaelli & Tsay, 1998). TheSubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) found that in 2009,51.9% of teens over the age of 12 had used alcohol, this is comparable to past rates of alcoholuse among similarly aged children (51.6% in 2008 and 51.1% in 2007. The same survey foundthat 23.7% of teens over the age of 12 had begun binge drinking, showing a similar slow risesince recent years (23.3 in both 2007 and 2008, up from 22.9 in 2002). When we control for agein this survey we see a rise in alcohol use that has a strong positive correlation with age. Thougha decline for most age groups in the last decade. 3.5% 12-13 year-olds had used alcohol in 2009dropping from 4.3% in 2002. In 14-15 year olds we see a drop from 16.6% in 2002 to 13.0% in2009. Even in 16-17 there is a significant drop from 32.6% to 26.3% from 2002 to 2009, thoughthere was a .1% rise from 2008-2009. 18-25 year olds had a rise from 60.5% to 61.8%. When welook at binge drinking under the same lens the story stays about the same. Binge drinking among12-13 year-olds and 13-14 year olds has dropped from 1.8 to 1.6 percent and from 9.2% to 7.0%from 2002 to 2009 respectively. Binge drinking episodes dropped from 21.4% to 17.0% among16-17 year olds. 18-25 year olds experienced a rise in binge drinking from 40.9% to 41.7% Ifrom 2002 to 2009. The increase in drinking among this age group may be explained by the legaldrinking age in the United States being 21 and right in the middle of this demographic. The
 
alcohol rates of use is not significantly different, but the rates of abuse (binge drinking are).36.7% of males in this survey binge drink whereas only 16.1% of females report the sameactivity. When race is controlled for, whites have the highest rate of use 2009 (56.7%) Peoplewho identify as multiracial have the next highest rates of alcohol use and in 2009 with 47.6%followed by African Americans (42.8%) and Latinos and Hispanics (41.7%). Binge drinking in2009 was highest among Latinos and Hispanics, Caucasians and then multiracial individuals(25%, 24.8%, 24.1% respectively)Alcohol is but one drug used by adolescents. SAMHSA found that 8.7% of children overthe age of twelve had used other illicit drugs which is about a 1% rise since 2007. 6.6% of children over 12 used marijuana in 2009 which is again about a 1% rise since 2007. if weexamine age we see similar trends to alcohol. 12-13 year-olds had a low rate of illicit drug use in2009, 3.6% a .8%drop since 2002, but as the ages get older the rate of use increases. In 14-15year olds the rate dropped from 11.2% in 2002 to 9.0% in 2009, this is a rise from 8.1% in 2008.16 and 17 year-olds also experienced a drop in illicit drug use since the beginning of the decade.The percent of this age group using dropped from 19.8% in 2002 to 15.2% in 2008 but rose againto 16.7% in 2009. In 18-25 year olds the amount of illicit substance use rose from 20.2% un2002 to 21.2% in 2009 , an interesting statistic considering the rate was 19.6% in 2008.fascinatingly American Indians and Alaskan Natives had the highest rate of illicit drug use,18.3% in 2009 a sharp rise from 10.1% in 2002 and 9.5% in 2008. Thy were followed by peoplewho identified as bi or multiracial then by African Americans with a rate of 9.6% in 2009, therace that had the next highest use of illicit drugs in 2009 were Caucasians with 8.8% and theHispanics and Latinos with 7.9%. We will get into racial implications later in this paper, it isnoteworthy, however, that Alaskan Natives have the highest use of illicit drugs because they
 
were the only people to not cultivate or have their own psychoactive drugs until they werebrought alcohol by the Europeans (Weil, 1983; 2004). Age was not controlled for in racial orgender demographics.The National Institute for Drug abuse did a more age controlled and in depth study on theuse psychoactive substances among high schoolers. This study compared data from 2007-2010among 8
th
10
th
and 12
th
graders, covering the ages of approximately 13,15 and 17. The surveycontrols for grade and substances used, it also controls for the
amount of an individual‟s use by
differentiating use in lifetime, in the past year and in the past month. The results are as follows:life time illicit drug use has risen from 19.0% in 2007 to 21.4% in 2010 among 8
th
graders, andindividual use in the past year (from date of survey completion) rose 2.8% from 2007 to 2010.Lifetime use in the 10
th
grade level has risen from 35.6% to 37.0% from 2007 to 2010 and use inthe month predating the administration of the survey rose 1.6%. from 2007 to 2010. Among highschool seniors illicit drug use was the highest. This demographic rose from 46.8% having used intheir lifetimes in 2007 to 48.2% in 2010. In the year anteceding the survey in 2010 38.3% of those surveyed had used some kind of illicit drug. A rise from 35.9% in 2007 to 38.3% in 2010.Across all grade levels, alcohol was the most widely used psychoactive drug. In 2010 35.8% of 8
th
graders surveyed had used alcohol at least once in their lives, 29.3% had used it in the lastyear, 13.8% had used it in the last month and 0.5% used it daily. These were all drops from theprevious three years (38.9% use in lifetime, 31.8% use in past year, 15.9% use in past month inand 0.6% daily use in 2007). Between 2007 and 2010 use among 10
th
graders also dropped. Useduring lifetime dropped 3.5% from 61.7% to 58.2%. Use in the past year was 56.3% in 2007 and52.1% in 2010 and use in the past month dropped from 33.4% to 28.9%, daily use also droppedfrom 1.4% to 1.1%. Among high school seniors we begin to see less dramatic decreases in

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