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Three Appraisals of ArchkoVolume - James/Goodspeed/Keohane

Three Appraisals of ArchkoVolume - James/Goodspeed/Keohane

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Published by Hubert Luns
BibleProbe weighs in on the side of Reverend Mahan. There are still unanswered questions about ArchkoVolume’s authenticity until convinced by more than Dr. Goodspeed’s very questionable after the fact (nearly 50 yrs) investigation.
BibleProbe weighs in on the side of Reverend Mahan. There are still unanswered questions about ArchkoVolume’s authenticity until convinced by more than Dr. Goodspeed’s very questionable after the fact (nearly 50 yrs) investigation.

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Published by: Hubert Luns on Dec 26, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain


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- 1 -
A discussion of The ArchkoVolume
by M. R. James
§ 01
 – Introduction
§ 02
 Discussion of the arguments put forward
§ 03
 – Pièces justificatives
§ 04
 Provenance and descriptions of the documents
§ 05
 – Other forgeries
Taken from the book: Strange New Gospels, chapter V
by Edgar J. Goodspeed 
§ 06
 – An overview
§ 07
 How the Report was obtained …and further discoveries
§ 08
 – An evaluation
§ 09
 – The Ben-Hur controversy
§ 10
 Further developments and conclusion
 (ca 2005)
BibleProbe weighs in on the side of Reverend Mahan
by Steve Keohane
§ 11
 The purported events
§ 12
 The main argument
§ 13
 Dr. Goodspeed might be wrong
§ 14
 In defence of Reverend Mahan
- 2 -
est from
A discussion of The ArchkoVolume, by M. R. James (1900)
Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936) was a provost of King’s College, Cambridge, and of Eton College afterwards. He is remembered for his ghost stories in the classic Victorian Yuletide vein, which are regarded as among the finest in English literature. He was a noted scholar on apocryphal Christian literature. His “The Apocryphal New Testament” was pu- blished by Oxford University Press in 1924. Since then it has been regularly reprinted, still recently, in 1993, in an expanded and thoroughly revised version. In its foreword J. K. Elliott testifies that
“Montague Rhodes James was a pioneer – he discovered, identified, and pu-blished many apocryphal texts. His erudition and encyclopædic knowledge of the world of early Christinaity are clearly evident in his writings. The present volume owes a great deal to his inspiration and example.”
or the
Archeological Writings of the Sanhedrim and Talmuds of the Jews
 (intra secus) These are the Official Documents made in these Courts in the Days of Jesus Christ. Translated by Drs. McINTOSH and TWYMAN, of the Antiquarian Lodge, Genoa, Italy. From Manuscripts in Constantinople
and the
Records of the Senatorial Docket taken from the Vatican at Rome.
1 - Introduction
This is a true copy of the title-page of The ArchkoVolume, and the hopes it raises are in no way dashed by what follows. One really does not know where to begin the description of it. Something must clearly be attempted. The responsible editor appears to be the Rev. W.D. Mahan, of Boonville, Mo. (Mo. is for Missouri, as Ga. for Georgia:
“The Wrong Box” by R.L. Stevenson and G. Ll. Osbourne).
He it is who entered the work in 1887 and 1896 in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, and he it is who furnishes the magnificent Prolegomena. The two Doctors McIntosh and Twyman (the former ‘of Scotland’, the latter ‘of England’) are only answerable for the translation of the Senatorial Docket and the rest. Whether Rev. Mahan is the author of that stimulating word Archko, and what precisely he means by it, are among the points that have eluded me as yet. There are others, but it would  be premature to press them before the reader has been told more about the scope and contents of the ArchkoVolume generally.
- 3 -
2 – Discussion of the arguments put forward
Chapter 1 tells us “How these Records were Discovered”, and that is exactly what we should all like to know.
 En avant!
«« Some time in the year 1856, while living in De Witt, Missouri, a gentleman by the name of H.C. Whydaman became snow-bound and stopped at my house several days. »» The evidence derivable from the context makes it probable that it was Rev. Mahan who was living in De Witt, and Mr. Whydaman who ‘became snow-bound’. Mr. W. was a native of Germany and one of the most learned men Rev. Mahan had ever met. Rev. M. found him to  be freely communicative. He had spent five years in the city of Rome and most of the time in the Vatican, where he saw a library containing 560,000 volumes. He
“had seen and read the records of Tiberius Caesar, and in what was called the Acta Pilati”
- that is, the Acts of Pilate (1)
- he had seen an account of the trial of Jesus. Correspondence ensued, Rev. Mahan  being anxious for a transcript of the report. Mr. Whydaman
“has written to Father Freelin-husen, a monk of great learning at Rome, who is the chief guardian of the Vatican.”
 Father F. informs him: «« That the writing is so fine, and being in the Latin language, as I told you, and the  parchments so old and dirty, he will be obliged to use a glass to the most of it... He says he will do it for 35 darics, which will be in American coin $ 62.44. »» Apparently the daric was still current in the Papal States in 1857. (2) Its precise relation to the dollar can be worked out from the above
 by readers of the Guardian at their leisure. Rev. Mahan forwarded the dollars and received the transcript, and Mr. W.’s brother-in-law got $10 more for translating it. Such was the effect of the document upon Rev. M. that he determined to investigate the subject, and on September 21st, 1883, he set sail for foreign lands to make that investigation in person. And here we have a digression of some length, which tells us how the discoverer made up his mind that some such documents as he has now given to the world must be in existence. He had long wondered how it was that: «« Such historians as Philo, Tacitus, Quintilian, and Josephus (one feels inclined to add Plato and Nicodemus) had told us nothing or so little about the New Testament history (…) I went to our histories - Mosheim, Lardner, Stackhouse, and others. They gave me no satisfaction.” »» One history told him: «« That these records were burned in the Alexandrian Library. I knew the Babylonian Talmuds were in this library, or at least most of them were; but I also knew that the Talmuds of Jerusalem were not. »» The results of his investigation were not less remarkable than this apparently intuitive know-ledge:
«« I found by investigating that Ptolemy, King of Alexandria, presented seventy books to Ezra, which he refused to place in the Holy Canon, and it came very near bringing on a  bloody war. »» He also ascertained some interesting matters about the library of one Serenus Samnaticus. Here is a specimen of accurate reference to authorities as it is understood in Boonville, Mo. –
“Dr. Rashi, D.D., who wrote in Paris in the twelfth century, says in Vol. III, page 190”
, that there were in ancient libraries men called
“baalie suphoths”,
 whose business it was to collect the parchments of the various authors, “pin their dates together”, and bind them:
«« We find that the works of Philo were compiled by Pseudonymaus Joseph Ben Gorion, 150 AD. This Ben Gorion was a Jewish Rabbi (…) Josephus was compiled by Ekaba, another Jewish doctor, at the close of the second century (…) Josephus was published in

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