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4 Hedge

4 Hedge

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Published by krrahul35
related with mughal history....INDIA
related with mughal history....INDIA

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Published by: krrahul35 on Dec 27, 2011
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Virginia in 1732: The Travel Journal of William Hugh GroveAuthor(s): William Hugh Grove, Gregory A. Stiverson, Patrick H. Butler, IIIReviewed work(s):Source:
The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,
Vol. 85, No. 1 (Jan., 1977), pp. 18-44Published by:
Stable URL:
Accessed: 19/12/2011 05:23
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VIRGINIAIN1732TheTravel JournalofWilliamHughGrove
edited
byGREGORY .
STIVERSON
and
PATRICK
H.BUTLER,II*
WILLIAMHUGHGROVEeftEnglandfor avisit toVirginiainApril1732.
Whilethisfactisnot remarkablenitself,thediaryhekeptprovidesoneofthemost informativedescriptionsf thecolonywrittenin the firsthalfoftheeighteenthcentury.Grovewasalreadya well-traveledmanand hemusthavebeenfairlyaffluentofinancehistrips,but we knowlittleabouthim
exceptforwhatappearsinhistraveldiary.Grovepennedhisnameon the
journal'sover;exceptforthat,afewdates,anda rarepersonaleference,hediaryunfortunatelyeveals ittleaboutthe man.'ThatGrovewasanexperiencedravelerbeforehemadehisvoyagetoVirginias clear fromhisdiary.2Few sectionsofthejournalaredated,butifthetripswererecordedn thediarynchronologicalrderhehadmadeninejourneys,mostthroughdifferentpartsofEngland,beforeheembarkedor
*
Dr.Stiversonistheassistantstatearchivist,HallofRecords,Annapolis,Maryland,andMr. Butleriscuratorof historical collectionsandassistantprofessorof museumscience,TexasTechUniversity,Lubbock,Texas.They acknowledgewithappreciationthe assistanceofDr.ChristianFeest,SmithsonianInstitution;Mr. PrentissPrice, Richmond,Virginia;MissJuliaF.Davis,ColonialWilliamsburgFoundation;andMr.HowardLauer,CollegeofWilliamandMary.SupportforpreparingthemanuscriptwasprovidedbytheColonialWilliamsburgFoundation.1Grovemayhave been descendedfromWilliamGrove,son ofHughGrove,ofEnford,Wiltshire,who was born about1613,attendedOxford,becameacleric,anddiedin1666(JosephFoster, editor,AlumniOxonienses:TheMembersoftheUniversity ofOxford.1500-1714[Oxford, 1891], 11,616).Therelationshipisentirelyconjectural,however,andthereisnoevidencethat WilliamHughGrove attendedeitherOxfordorCambridge.OnereferenceinGrove'sjournal,however,indicatesthathemayhavelivedinsouthwestEng-land,thesamesectionastheWilliam Grovewho waseducatedatOxford.In anentrydatedJune8[9?]onthevoyagetoVirginia,Grovewrote:"SpokewithaBiddifordmanandSentalettertoHarry[byhim]"(WilliamHughGrove,MSDiary,1698-1732,AldermanLibrary,UniversityofVirginia,Charlottesville,Virginia,p.110).BidefordisatowninDevon,andthe factthat Grovesentaletter theresuggeststhat hemayhaveresidedinthesame area.2That Grovewas a carefultraveleris indicatedbytwolistsappendedtoonesectionofhisdiary.The first concernsdifferentsubjectsa travelershouldinvestigatewhenvisitinganewarea.Includedwere:"Gover[n]mentoftown,Forces,Fortts,Manufactures,Trade,Riches,Bridges,Rivers,Woods,Hills,towns,Villages,Seals,Soylandthe[?]Husbandry,Antiquitys,Monuments,Libraryes,Raritysnat[ural]orArtificiall,skilfullArtificers,Archi-tecture,Paynting,Customsandfashions,Priviledges,LateAccidents,Plants, Fossils,[and]Animalls"(Grove,Diary,p.139).Thesecondis alist of"ThingsNecessaryfor aTravel-ler,"whichencompassed:"ACanedividedinto SeverallMeasures;AlinebyKnotesalsodivided;AWatch,Prospective[i.e.,perspective],marrinersCompass,andQuad[ran]t;andMapsand Charts"ibid.).
 
Virginiain173219America.GrovesailedforVirginiafromKingRoad,aporton theBristolChannel,onApril17,1732. Afteravoyageofsixty-eightdays,hisshiparrivedatYorktown onJune23. FromYorktown,Grove traveledtothecolonialcapitalofWilliamsburg,wherehedinedatthePalacewithGovernorWilliamGooch.Hisstayinthecapitalwasbrief,becausehedepartedYork-townbyboat onJune28.HesaileduptheYork Riverand aftera week ofvisiting plantersontheMattaponiRiversettledat"Dr.Dixon's."Thefactthat GrovearrangedtolivewithaplanterontheMattaponiRiverwasnotaccidental. Grove cametoVirginiaontheYork,a160-tonsquare-sternshipownedbyLyonel Lyde,aBristolmerchantengagedinthetobaccotrade.3Lyde'sson,CorneliusLyde,wasaVirginiaplanterwhoownedaplan-tation inKingWilliamCountyontheMattaponiRiver.4JohnDixon,withwhomGrovefinallysettled,wasamerchantwith BristolconnectionsandhissecondwifewasAnneLyde.5Whether Grovewas connectedtotheLydesbybusinessormarriageisunknown,buthemusthavebeenacquaintedwithLyonelLydeandthroughhim was directedtoLyde'srelationsontheMatta-poniRiver.Entriesmade afterGrovearrivedatDixon'shousearearrangedtopicallyrather thanchronologically.It isthereforeimpossibletodeterminewhereGrove traveledoreven whenhe leftVirginia.Onlyoneother dateappearsnthejournalin thesectionconcerningthecolony.Inaparagraphdiscussingsquirrels,GroverecordedthatheatesquirrelatMajorJohnson'shouseonAugust9,1733. Grove musthavemade an errorinwriting1733insteadof1732,fornothinginthejournalindicates thathespentmorethanafewmonths inthecolony.The Yorkcleared for BristolonMarch29,1733,andsince he came over onthatshipitisprobableGrovereturnedonthevesselbecauseheknewboththecaptainanditsowner.6Grove'saccount ofVirginiaisparticularlyrevealingwhencomparedtohisdiscussionofthe BritishIsles.Inhistravelsthrough Englandhewasprimarilyinterestedinman-mademonuments,bothancientandmodern.Incontrast,Grovedevotes littlespacetotowns andbuildingsinVirginia.Whatimpressedhim most werethelandscape,thefloraandfauna,and thepeopleofthe
3
York RiverDistrict,ListofShipsEnteredfromJune24,1731,toJune24, 1732,ShippingReturns,Public RecordOffice,C.0.5/1443,f. 80(availableonmicrofilm,ResearchDepart-ment,ColonialWilliamsburg,andVirginiaHistoricalSociety).
4
Seebelow,footnote 64.
5
Seebelow,footnote 45.
6
YorkRiverDistrict,ListofShipsCleared fromJune24,1732,toJune24,1733,ShippingReturns,PublicRecordOffice,C.O.5/1443,f.102ro(availableonmicrofilm,ResearchDe-partment,ColonialWilliamsburg,andVirginiaHistoricalSociety).

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