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Sterilization and Disinfection

Sterilization and Disinfection



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Published by dhainey

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Published by: dhainey on Oct 31, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Dr. R. Tan
 M i c r o b i a l  C o n t r o l
Primary target of microbial control
Microorganisms capable of causing infection orspoilage that are constantly present in the externalenvironment and on the human body
Relative Resistance of Microbial Forms
HighestresistanceModerateresistanceLeast resistance
bacterial endospore(Bacillus &Clostridium)protozoan cystsome fungal sporessome naked virusvegetative bacteriathathave higherresistance( M. tuberculosis,S.aureus,Pseudomonas)most bacterial vegetativecellsordinary fungal spores &hypaeenveloped virus Yeasts Trophozoites
Sterilization - process of destruction or removal of all viablemicroorganisms from an object or from a particularenvironment- total inactivation of all forms of microbial life in termsof the organism’s ability to reproduceDisinfection - refers to the use of physical process or chemical agent(disinfectants) that promotes killing, inhibition, orremoval of pathogenic microorganisms (usually oninanimate objects) but not bacterial endospore
Sanitization - is any cleansing technique that mechanically removes microorg.to reduce the level of contaminants / microbial population to asafe level as determined by public health standards 
Definition of Frequently UsedTerms

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