Scott AbelArt History Paper Prof. TsuiLudolf Backhuysen painted a seascape named
Ships in Distress off a Rocky Coast
in 1667 and Claude Monet painted
Waterloo Bridge, Gray Day
in 1903 while in London.Backhuysen’s oil painting depicts an epic man verses nature struggle for survival in richcolor and great detail. Monet paints a scene that depicts a typical event day during theIndustrial Era in London, but does so in a way that gives you a true sense of that time and place. Both paintings are similar in that they depict a waterscape with a mostly cloudy background, people in motion, and each depicts an important theme for these eras.However they are different in that Monet’s brushstrokes are more visible, but his overall painting has less clarity while Backhuysen uses more effective modeling and detail.Furthermore, each artist painted using different shapes and forms.Backhuysen and Monet both use a similar palette of gray, green, red, blue, and brown. Both paintings use gray as a color for the water and have a green tint to them, butMonet used green as the shadow of the Waterloo Bridge. Each artist used red in his painting, but with different uses. Backhuysen uses red in the Dutch flag which is thefocal point and Monet uses some red for the traffic on the bridge, but it is not enough tomake it the focal point of the painting. Blue is present in the Dutch flag and in the water around the horizon and Monet uses blue in some of the boats in the Thames River.Brown is an important color in both oil paintings. Backhuysen uses brown for the Dutchsailing vessels’ timbers and for the rock to the left of the painting. Monet uses dark brown as the color for the bridge that cuts the painting in two.