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Table Of Contents

Where deserts are found today
How deserts form
Subtropical deserts
Deserts of continental interiors
West coast deserts
Polar deserts
How continents move
Continental drift and plate tectonics
How mountains rise and wear away
Desert soils
How soils are classified
What is sand?
Sand seas and sand dunes
Types of sand dunes
Desert pavement and desert varnish
Mesas, buttes, and other desert landforms
What happens when it rains
Wells and oases
Why there are belts of desert throughout the subtropics
DESERTCLIMATES
General circulation of the atmosphere
Adiabatic cooling and warming
Ocean gyres and boundary currents
Monsoons
Lapse rates and stability
Air masses, fronts, and jet streams
Why hot deserts are cold at night
Specific heat capacity
Why the climates that produce ice sheets are so dry
Why Antarctica is colder than the North Pole
Why deserts are windy places
Dust storms and sandstorms
Dust devils and whirlwinds
Conservation of angular momentum
Photosynthesis, respiration, and desert plants
C3, C4, and CAM plants
Why plants need water
Typical plants of subtropical deserts
Typical plants of cold deserts
Typical animals of hot deserts
How heat kills and how animals stay cool
The camel: “ship of the desert”
How freezing kills and how animals keep warm
What happens during estivation and hibernation
Scorpions, spiders, and insects
Locusts
Locust plagues
Snakes and lizards
Sidewinders
Desert birds
Animals of the Arctic
Animals of the Antarctic
When deserts grew crops
Desert civilizations
The Middle East: birthplace of Western civilization
Egypt
Peoples of the Sahara and Arabian Deserts
Peoples of the Asian deserts
Caravans and the Silk Road
Peoples of the American desert
Peoples of the Arctic
Explorers in the Far North
DESERTEXPLORATION
Fridtjof Nansen
Discovering Antarctica
Explorers in the deserts of Africa, Arabia, and Asia
Ernest Shackleton
Roald Amundsen
Lawrence of Arabia
The Cave of a Thousand Buddhas
Oil and modern desert economies
DESERTINDUSTRIES
Solar energy
Minerals, metals, and textiles
Solar chimney
Tourism
Depleting the water below ground
Waterlogging and salination
Porosity and permeability
What climate change may mean for deserts
Natural climate cycles
El Niño
Milankovitch cycles
Overgrazing and desertification
Halting the spread of deserts
The end of the nomadic way of life
Rainmaking
The discovery of cloud seeding
Dams
The Asw¯an High Dam
Diverting rivers
Farming oases and making artificial oases
Desalination
Icebergs to water desert crops?
Dry farming
Corridor farming
New crops for dry climates
Genetic modification
Food from the polar regions
Conflicts over water resources
What future for deserts?
CONCLUSION
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND FURTHER READING
INDEX
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Biomes of the Earth - Deserts - M. Allaby (Intro Txt) (Chelsea House, 2006) BBS

Biomes of the Earth - Deserts - M. Allaby (Intro Txt) (Chelsea House, 2006) BBS

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Published by: khalid_mian_2 on Dec 28, 2011
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