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задачи по микроэкономике

задачи по микроэкономике

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Published by: Korralf on Dec 28, 2011
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Ýêîíîìåòðèêà øàã çà øàãîì
4
ÓÄÊ 330.101.52(076.1)ÁÁÊ 65.012.1Á92
Ïîäãîòîâëåíî ïðè ñîäåéñòâèè ÍÔÏÊ  Íàöèîíàëüíîãî ôîíäà ïîäãîòîâêè êàäðîâ â ðàìêàõïðîãðàììû «Ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèå ïðåïîäàâàíèÿñîöèàëüíî-ýêîíîìè÷åñêèõ äèñöèïëèí â âóçàõ»
Ðåöåíçåíò:äåêàí ôàêóëüòåòà ýêîíîìèêè Åâðîïåéñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà â Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãåäîêòîð ôèçèêî-ìàòåìàòè÷åñêèõ íàóê
Ñ.Ë. Ïå÷åðñêèé
ISBN 978-5-7598-0336-2
©
Áóñûãèí Â.Ï., 2007
©
Ïîêàòîâè÷ Å.Â., 2007
©
Ôðèäìàí À.À., 2007
©
Îôîðìëåíèå. Èçäàòåëüñêèé äîìÃÓ ÂØÝ, 2007
 
 Ãëàâà 1. ×òî òàêîå ýêîíîìåòðèêà
5
ÎÃËÀÂËÅÍÈÅ
Íàó÷èòüñÿ ðåøàòü çàäà÷è (
 Â.Ë. Ìàêàðîâ, Ì.È. Ëåâèí
)
.............8
Ïðåäèñëîâèå àâòîðîâ
......................................................................10
Ðàçäåë 1. Âûáîð ïîòðåáèòåëÿ â óñëîâèÿõîïðåäåëåííîñòè
................................................................................12
Îñíîâíûå îïðåäåëåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ
....................................................12
Çàäà÷è
.....................................................................................................22
1.1. Ïðåäïî÷òåíèÿ è ïîëåçíîñòü
.....................................................22
1.2. Çàäà÷à ìàêñèìèçàöèè ïîëåçíîñòèè çàäà÷à ìèíèìèçàöèè ðàñõîäîâ
....................................................26
1.3. Äâîéñòâåííîñòü â òåîðèè ïîòðåáèòåëÿ.Ïðîáëåìà âîññòàíîâëåíèÿ ïðåäïî÷òåíèé
......................................32
1.4. Èçìåðåíèå èçìåíåíèé â áëàãîñîñòîÿíèè,âûçâàííûõ èçìåíåíèåì öåí. Èíäåêñû öåí
.....................................35
1.5. Àãðåãèðîâàíèå â òåîðèè ïîòðåáèòåëÿ
......................................39
Ðàçäåë 2. Ìîäåëèðîâàíèå èíäèâèäóàëüíîãîïîâåäåíèÿ ôèðìû â óñëîâèÿõ îïðåäåëåííîñòè
......................42
Îñíîâíûå îïðåäåëåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ
....................................................42
Çàäà÷è
.....................................................................................................49
2.1. Îïèñàíèå òåõíîëîãèé. Ñâîéñòâà ïðîèçâîäñòâåííûõìíîæåñòâ
......................................................................................49
2.2. Ìàêñèìèçàöèÿ ïðèáûëè. Ñâîéñòâà ôóíêöèè ïðèáûëè
.............54
2.3. Ìèíèìèçàöèÿ èçäåðæåê. Ñâîéñòâà ôóíêöèè èçäåðæåê
.............59
Ðàçäåë 3. Âûáîð â óñëîâèÿõ íåîïðåäåëåííîñòè
......................66
Îñíîâíûå îïðåäåëåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ
....................................................66
Çàäà÷è
.....................................................................................................74
3.1. Ëîòåðåè. Ñâîéñòâà ïðåäïî÷òåíèé, îïðåäåëåííûõíà ïðîñòðàíñòâå ëîòåðåé. Ôóíêöèÿ îæèäàåìîé ïîëåçíîñòè
............74
 
Îãëàâëåíèå
6
3.2. Äåíåæíûå ëîòåðåè è îòíîøåíèå ê ðèñêó.Ýêâèâàëåíò ëîòåðåè. Âûáîð îïòèìàëüíîé ñòðàõîâêè.Ñïðîñ íà ðèñêîâûå àêòèâû
............................................................78
3.3. Èçìåðåíèå îòíîøåíèÿ ê ðèñêó (êîýôôèöèåíòûàáñîëþòíîé è îòíîñèòåëüíîé íåñêëîííîñòè ê ðèñêó).Ñðàâíèòåëüíàÿ ñòàòèêà
..................................................................83
3.4. Ìîäåëü ñ îáóñëîâëåííûìè (êîíòèíãåíòíûìè) áëàãàìèè ôóíêöèÿ ïîëåçíîñòè, çàâèñÿùàÿ îò ñîñòîÿíèÿ
.............................87
3.5. Îáîáùåííàÿ çàäà÷à èíâåñòîðà (ñëó÷àé
 N 
ðèñêîâûõàêòèâîâ). Ìîäåëü Ìàðêîâèöà
.........................................................89
Ðàçäåë 4. Îáùåå ýêîíîìè÷åñêîå ðàâíîâåñèåè áëàãîñîñòîÿíèå
..............................................................................92
Îñíîâíûå îïðåäåëåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ
....................................................92
Çàäà÷è
...................................................................................................102
4.1. Ìîäåëü ýêîíîìèêè ñ ÷àñòíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ.Çàêîí Âàëüðàñà. Îïðåäåëåíèå è ñâîéñòâà ðàâíîâåñèÿ
...................102
4.2. Ðàâíîâåñèå è îïòèìàëüíîñòü â ýêîíîìèêå îáìåíà
.................104
4.3. Ðàâíîâåñèå è îïòèìàëüíîñòü â ýêîíîìèêåñ ÷àñòíîé ñîáñòâåííîñòüþ
..........................................................108
4.4. Ðàâíîâåñèå â ýêîíîìèêå ñ ïðîèçâîäñòâîì
...............................116
4.5. Ñðàâíèòåëüíàÿ ñòàòèêà â ìîäåëè îáùåãî ðàâíîâåñèÿ
.............122
4.6. Ñóùåñòâîâàíèå, åäèíñòâåííîñòü è ñâîéñòâà ðàâíîâåñèÿïî Âàëüðàñó
................................................................................125
4.7. Ðàâíîâåñèå è ÿäðî
.................................................................131
4.8. Ðàâíîâåñèå â ýêîíîìèêå ñ êîíòèíãåíòíûìè áëàãàìè(ðàâíîâåñèå Ýððîó  Äåáðå)
......................................................136
4.9. Ðàâíîâåñèå â ìîäåëè Ðàäíåðà
................................................140
Ðàçäåë 5. Ôèàñêî ðûíêà: îáùåñòâåííûå áëàãà
.....................144
Îñíîâíûå îïðåäåëåíèÿ è óòâåðæäåíèÿ
..................................................144
Çàäà÷è
...................................................................................................150
5.1. Óðàâíåíèå Ñàìóýëüñîíà. Ðàâíîâåñèå ñ äîáðîâîëüíûìôèíàíñèðîâàíèåì îáùåñòâåííûõ áëàã.Òåîðåìà î íåýôôåêòèâíîñòè ðàâíîâåñèÿ ïðè íàëè÷èèîáùåñòâåííûõ áëàã
.....................................................................150

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