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LSM2251-08 Species Interactions II

LSM2251-08 Species Interactions II

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Published by Abraham Kang

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Published by: Abraham Kang on Dec 29, 2011
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07/19/2013

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Species Interactions (2)– ExploitativeInteractions
 
LSM2251Ecology and Environments
A/P Li Daiqin
 
Introduction
 
Exploitation
: Interaction betweenpopulations that enhances fitness of oneindividual while reducing fitness of theexploited individual. That is, one organismmakes its living at the expense of another.
 
Predators
kill and consume other organisms.
 
Parasites
live on host tissue and reduce hostfitness, but do not generally kill the host.
 
Parasitoid is an insect larva that consumes the host.
 
Pathogens
induce disease.
 
Parasitism
 
Parasitism-one partner benefits, the other is harmed in someway.
 
It is a very common life strategy and affects a wide varietyof fish, but few fish are parasites themselves.
 
Ectoparasites (externalparasites) are usuallyfrom the order Isopoda.They have flattenedbodies and complexsucker organisms forattachment to host fishas well as sharp teeth.

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