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Ionizing Radiation

Ionizing Radiation

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Published by DrSuthan Kaveri

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Published by: DrSuthan Kaveri on Dec 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/31/2012

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Name : Christina Eleanor MartinSubject : HygieneGroup : 3Course : 4
th
year 1
st
sem
 
Definition
Ionizing radiation
consists of particles orelectromagnetic waves (which always have aparticle nature as well, as photons) that areenergetic enough to detach electronsfrom atoms or molecules, thus ionizingthem.
Ionizing radiation is energy that is carried byany of several types of particles and rays(electromagneticradiation) given off by radioactive material, X-ray machines, and nuclear reactions. Thisenergy can knock electrons out of moleculeswith which they interact, thus creating ions.
 
Examples of ionizing particles are alphaparticles, beta particles, neutrons, and cosmicrays.
The ability of an electromagnetic wave(photons)to ionize an atom or molecule depends on itsfrequency, which determines the energy of itsassociated particle, the photon.
Radiation on the short-wavelength end of theelectromagnetic spectrum—highfrequency ultraviolet, x-rays, and gamma rays—is ionizing, due to their composition of high-energyphotons. Lower-energy radiation, such as visiblelight, infrared, microwaves, and radio waves, arenot ionizing.

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