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Capítulo 10 - Ergonomía: Aplicación De La Antropometría Al Diseño Del Lugar De Trabajo

Capítulo 10 - Ergonomía: Aplicación De La Antropometría Al Diseño Del Lugar De Trabajo

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Published by: G5 on Dec 30, 2011
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I@VÁ]UJO 06ETKONOAG@8 @VJGI@IGÙN ME J@@N]TOVOAE]TG@ @J MGYEÐO MEJ JUK@T ME]T@D@HO
 L`a`j Lo}dgw`j 
0.
 
GN]TOMUIIGON
J` etkonoaá` ey j` igenig` pue noy vetag}e mgyeð`t ey}`igoney me }t`d`ho* vtoieyoy* w vtomui}oy pue joyyetey bua`noy vuem`n u}gjgx`t ecgigen}eaen}e*càigjaen}e* w me cota` yekut`. J` etkonoaá` `yekut`pue joy uyu`tgoy ye`n ej ien}to me }om`y j`y `i}gsgm`meyme mgyeðo. Ej encopue ien}t`mo en ej yet bua`noionygmet` j` gncota`igùn yodte yuy i`v`igm`meycáygi`y* cgygojùkgi`y* w aen}`jey< w yuy jgag}`igoney* v`t` mgyeð`t ioy`y v`t` ej Jgyo bua`no. $]`adgçn}gene en iuen}` j`y i`t`i}etáy}gi`y me ioavot}`agen}o*yoig`jey* w iuj}ut`jey me joy uyu`tgoy. J` etkonoaá`ey* me beibo* j` igenig` cunm`aen}`j mej mgyeðo.J` @yoig`igùn Gn}etn`igon`j me Etkonoaá` mecgne ey}`igenig` ioao8Ej ey}umgo me joy `yvei}oy `n`}ùagioy* cgygojùkgioy* w vygiojùkgioy me joy yetey bua`noy en ej àadg}o me}t`d`ho. Ye vteoiuv` vot ov}gagx`t j` ecgigenig`* j`y`jum* j` yekutgm`m* w ej ioncot} me j`y vetyon`y en ej}t`d`ho* en j` i`y`* w en joy `adgen}ey me teite`igùn.Ey}o* vot jo kenet`j* tepugete ej ey}umgo me joyygy}ea`y en joy iu`jey gn}et`i}ø`n yetey bua`noy*aàpugn`y* w aemgo `adgen}e* ion ej cgn eje `meiu`t j`}`te` ` j`y vetyon`y.En j` Cgkut` 0 ye auey}t` un aomejo ygavje megn}et`iigùn en}te joy yetey bua`noy* j`y aàpugn`y* w ejaemgo `adgen}e. Un` vetyon` gn}et`i}ø` ion j`yaàpugn`y en moy vun}oy8 en joy ion}tojey w en j`yauey}t`y o teyuj}`moy. En joy ion}tojey* j` vetyon` v`y` j` gncota`igùn ` j` aàpugn`* w en j`y auey}t`y oteyuj}`moy* j` aàpugn` v`y` j` gncota`igùn ` j` vetyon`. Vot jo }`n}o* ye ey}`djeie un cjuho iáegncota`igùn. C`i}otey `adgen}`jey }`jey ioao j`gjuagn`igùn* ej ¬y}teyy¼ }çtagio* ej tugmo* e}i. `cei}`nej cjuho me gncota`igùn en}te j` vetyon` w j`yaàpugn`y. J` etkonoaá` duyi` ov}gagx`t ejcunigon`agen}o i`e ey}` iottgen}e me gncota`igùn.En j` jg}et`}ut`* ej }çtagno
 c`i}otey bua`noy ognkengetá` me joy c`i}otey bua`noy
ey u}gjgx`mocteiuen}eaen}e. Etkonoaá` w c`i}otey bua`noy"gnkengetá`' ygkngcgi`n eyenig`jaen}e jo agyao ! eymeigt* mgyeðo v`t` ej uyo bua`no. Ygn ead`tko* `auiboy gnsey}gk`motey jey kuy}` b`iet un` mgy}gnigùnyu}gj en}te joy moy }çtagnoy !joy c`i}otey bua`noyenc`}gx`n j`y i`t`i}etáy}gi`y vygiojùkgi`y "oiokng}gs`y'* agen}t`y pue j` etkonoaá` vone çnc`ygyen joy `yvei}oy cgygojùkgioy mej uyu`tgo.
CGKUT@ 0.
Gn}et`iigùn yet bua`no!aàpugn`!aemgo `adgen}e.
 
 @n}tovoaç}tgi` Lesgn Not}on w ]ga OjmySetygùn mgkg}`j vot ej Ktuvo Yodte En}ten`agen}o "{{{.yodteen}ten`agen}o.ioa' Vàkgn` 0;9
4. J@ @N]TOVOAE]TG@ EN J@ ETKONOAG@
J` @n}tovoae}tá` ! igenig` me j`y aemgigoney me joyyetey bua`noy !ey me sg}`j gavot}`nig` v`t` j`etkonoaá`. J` `n}tovoae}tá` meyiudte j`y tej`igoneyen}te j`y mgy}gn}`y mgaenygoney iotvot`jey* iovgo j`jonkg}um mej `n}edt`xo w j` ey}`}ut`. Ey}`y tej`igoney vuemen yet u}gjgx`m`y v`t` ej mgyeðo o es`ju`igùn mejoy vtomui}oy. J` `vjgi`igùn ygy}eaà}gi` me j``n}tovoae}tá` vueme agngagx`t j` neieygm`m me puej`y
 vetyon`y ye `m`v}en ` yg}u`igoney
j`dot`jeymeyc`sot`djey* jo pue ` yu sex temuigtà ej ¬y}teyy¼aøyiujo!eypuejç}gio yodte ej iuetvo. J``n}tovoae}tá` noy vetag}e mey`ttojj`t nota`y wtepugyg}oy eyveiácgioy "d`nioy me tecetenig`' ion}t` joyiu`jey un vtomui}o* aàpugn`* bett`agen}`* o vgex` me`jkøn epugvo vueme yet es`ju`m` v`t` `yekut`t yu`meiu`nig` v`t` j` vodj`igùn uyu`tg` "Toeduil*Ltoeaet* ]boavyon* 07;5'.
4.0 J` @n}tovoae}tá` w ej mgyeðo mej juk`t me}t`d`ho
Ej juk`t me }t`d`ho ey monme te`jgx`aoy nuey}t` }`te` uocgigo. Ej }t`d`ho vomtá` ionygy}gt en }`te`y ygavjeyioao eav`i`t do}ejj`y me yb`avoo en un` i`h`* `ta`t un igtiug}o ejei}tùngio v`t` un ]S iojot* v`jv`t oa`ngvuj`t bueyoy o aøyiujoy me un v`igen}e* m`t yuej}` ` un v`igen}e en j` i`a`* o vtev`t`t un` }`x` me}ç. O ej agyao vomtá` ionygy}gt en }`te`y ioavjeh`y*}`jey ioao soj`t en un` n`se eyv`ig`j* vtoiey`t ejion}toj en un` vj`n}` puáagi` o nuije`t* }oi`t un vg`no* vgn}`t un` odt` me `t}e* o te`jgx`t un` mejgi`m`ovet`igùn en ej ietedto. Iu`jpuget` ye` j` n`}ut`jex`me j` }`te`* ye` ygavje o ioavjeh`* ej mgyeðo mej juk`t "je }t`d`ho medetá` yet }`j pue j` vetyon` no }enk`* vot eheavjo* pue ehetiet gtày cuetx` me j` neiey`tg` o`mov}`t voy}ut`y gniùaom`y pue vumget`n `cei}`t yuyb`dgjgm`mey me a`ngvuj`igùn8 En o}t`y v`j`dt`y* ejjuk`t me }t`d`ho medetá` yet ùv}gao v`t` j` vetyon` wj` }`te`.
4.0.0 Mgyeðo ùv}gao mej juk`t me }t`d`ho
V`t` ite`t un juk`t ùv}gao me }t`d`ho v`t` j` }`te` w j` vetyon`* neieyg}`aoy }enet en iuen}` j`yi`t`i}etáy}gi`y `n}tovoaç}tgi`y mej yet bua`no en ej vtoieyo mej mgyeðo. @j agyao }geavo* no medetá`aoynek`t j`y ionmgigoney `adgen}`jey* }`jey ioao j`gjuagn`igùn* joy tugmoy* j`y sgdt`igoney* w ej ioncot}}çtagio* d`ho j`y iu`jey ye jjes` ` i`do j` }`te`.]`avoio medetnoy gknot`t joy `yvei}oy iokng}gsoy mej}t`d`ho* en j`y ionygmet`igoney yodte ej mgyeðo. Mebeibo* medetnoy ionygmet`t `j yet bua`no!}t`d`ho!aemgo `adgen}e "set Cgkut` 0' ioao un ygy}ea` en ejiu`j i`m` uno gn}et`i}ø` ion joy o}toy* v`t` jokt`t j`yae}`y w odhe}gsoy ey}gvuj`moy. En ey}e i`vá}ujo* noymemgi`teaoy vtgnigv`jaen}e ` joy }ea`y tej`igon`moyion ej mgyeðo mej juk`t me }t`d`ho yodte ej iu`j j``n}tovoae}tá` }gene un` mgtei}` tej`igùn.B`w auib`y vtekun}`y pue neieyg}`n yet ionygmet`m`y`j mgyeð`t ej juk`t me }t`d`ho. Puç }gvoy me m`}oy yonø}gjey v`t` ej mgyeðo j`dot`j? Iùao medetá`aoyu}gjgx`t joy m`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy? Medetá`n ey}`t mgyeð`moy joy juk`tey me }t`d`ho v`t` j` vetyon` vtoaemgo? J` jgy}` no ey ionijuwen}e w vuemen`ktek`tye aày vtekun}`y ` j` agya`. En ey}e i`vá}ujo*gn}en}`teaoy od}enet teyvuey}`y ` `jkun`y me ey}`y vtekun}`y.
4.4 M`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy
Joy m`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy me joy yetey bua`noy vuemen mgsgmgtye en moy i`}ekotá`y vtgnigv`jey8
 
m`}oy ey}à}gioy o ey}tui}ut`jey* w
 
m`}oy cunigon`jey "mgnàagioy'
4.4.0 M`}oy ey}à}gioy o ey}tui}ut`jey
Joy m`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy o ey}tui}ut`jey ey}àney}teib`aen}e tej`igon`moy ion j`y ey}tui}ut`yiotvot`jey tákgm`y ioao j`y er}teagm`mey "v`t}eyuvetgot mej dt`xo* `n}edt`xo* vgetn`y* e}i.'. Joyyekaen}oy ùyeoy* ionei}`moy en}te yá vot j`y`t}giuj`igoney* `vot}`n j` ey}tui}ut` iotvot`j cgtae. Yegmen}gcgi`n vun}oy o a`ti`y me tecetenig` yodte joybueyoy w ye te`jgx`n aemgigoney en}te vun}oy metecetenig`.J`y aemgigoney ey}à}gi`y nota`jaen}e yon te`jgx`m`yen voy}ut`y nota`}gx`m`y* me v`t`mo o yen}`mo. J` voygigùn ~y}`nm`tm
*
~ me v`t`mo tepugete pue j` vetyon` ye v`te etei}` ion `adoy vgey hun}oy* agt`nmometeibo b`ig` `mej`n}e* w joy dt`xoy iojk`nmotej`h`moy ` joy ioy}`moy. J` i`dex` ye udgi` en ej vj`no me Ct`nlcot} "set I`vá}ujo 4'. En j` voygigùn meyen}`mo* j` vetyon` }gene pue yen}`tye en un `ygen}obotgxon}`j tákgmo* ion ej }tonio meteibo* j` i`dex` enej vj`no me Ct`nlcot}* joy dt`xoy iojk`nmoset}gi`jaen}e b`ig` `d`ho* w ej `n}edt`xo en voygigùnbotgxon}`j. @meaày* `adoy vgey meden meyi`ny`t iùaom`aen}e en ej vgyo. V`t` ejjo* ye vueme neieyg}`t un` ygjj` `huy}`dje.Ye medetá` mey}`i`t pue m`mo pue j` aemgigùn wteiojeiigùn eje m`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy ey ioy}oy` w
 
 @n}tovoaç}tgi` Lesgn Not}on w ]ga OjmySetygùn mgkg}`j vot ej Ktuvo Yodte En}ten`agen}o "{{{.yodteen}ten`agen}o.ioa' Vàkgn` 0;=
jjes` }geavo* ye mede vonet iugm`mo en yekugt ey}tgi}`aen}e j`y nota`y o ¬y}`nm`ty¼ me es`ju`igùn.
AemgigùnMeyitgvigùnEy}`}ut`
 Un` jáne` tei}`* aemgigùn vun}o ` vun}o* nota`jaen}e }oa`m` meyme ej vgyo ion ej yuhe}o v`t`mo* o meyme j`yuvetcgige botgxon}`j en j` iu`j ej yuhe}o ye ygen}`.
Mgàae}to
 Un` jáne` tei}`* aemgigùn botgxon}`j vun}o ` vun}o* en ej vj`no cton}`j.
Vtocunmgm`m
 Un` jáne` tei}`* aemgigùn botgxon}`j vun}o ` vun}o* en ej vj`no y`kg}`j.
Mgy}`nig`
Un` jáne` tei}`* aemgigùn vun}o ` vun}o* en}te a`ti`y `n`}ùagi`y.
Igtiuncetenig`
Un` aemgigùn iett`m` ygkugenmo un ion}otno iotvot`j.
Iuts`}ut`
Un` aemgigùn vun}o ` vun}o ygkugenmo ej ion}otno* nota`jaen}e no igtiuj`t.
]@DJ@ 0.
]gvoy me aemgigoney me gn}etçy v`t` ej mgyeðo mej juk`t me }t`d`ho "me Ltoeaet* Ltoetnet* # Ltoeaet!Ejdet}* 0776'
Mgaenygùn iotvot`jBoadtey AuheteyAemg` "ia'MY "ia' Aemg` "ea' MY "ia'
0. Ey}`}ut` 0;=.3;.6030.6 3.44. @j}ut` b`y}` ej oho 039.6 3.7 056.5 3.09. @j}ut` b`y}` ej boadto 0=4.5 3.3 090 .6 5.2=. @j}ut` b`y}` ej iomo 067.6 5.4 066.5 =.35. @j}ut` b`y}` joy numgjjoy ;5.5 =.0 ;4.6 9.33. @j}ut` yen}`mo 70.6 0.3 25.6 9.5;. @j}ut` yen}`mo* b`y}` ej oho;7.69 5;=.6 9.92. @j}ut` yen}`mo* b`y}` ej boadto57.85 9 4 55.5 9.07. @j}ut` yen}`mo* b`y}` ej iomo4=.5 9.0 49.5 4.706. Ktoyot mej auyjo 03.6 0.5 05.5 0.;00. Jonkg}um kjø}eo!tomgjj` 57.5 9.0 5;.6 9.604. Jonkg}um kjø}eo!vùvjá}e` =7.5+ 9.4 =2+.6 9.609. @j}ut` b`y}` j` tomgjj` 5=.5 9.4 56.6 4.;0=. @j}ut` b`y}` ej bueio vovjá}eo ==.6! 4.7 =6.6 4.;05. Mgàae}to me boadto "dgmej}ogmey' =3.5 4.2 97.5 4.=03. Mgàae}to me i`met` 93.6 4.7 9;.6 9.20;. Vtocunmgm`m mej }ùt`r "duy}o' 45.6 4.4 45.6 4.;02. Vtocunmgm`m `dmoagn`j 4;.6 9.4 45.6 9.607. Ensetk`mut` 0;7.6 2.9 036.5 ;.046. Mgàae}to me j` i`dex` 05.5 3.6 0=.5 3.640 . Jonkg}um me j` a`no 07.6 0 .6 0;.5 7.644. Jonkg}um me boadto `j iomo 93.5 4.6 99.6 ;.649. Jonkg}um iomo!vun}` me joy memoy =;.5 4.0 =9.6 0.74=. Er}enygùn set}gi`j* `ygmo "v`t`mo' 463.6+ 2.6 076.5 ;.045. Er}enygùn set}gi`j `ygmo"yen}`mo' 04=.5 3.6 005.6 5.943. Er}enygùn b`ig` `mej`n}e `ygmo;2.69.=;6.5 9.0"meyme j` v`t}e voy}etgot mej boadto'
]@DJ@ 4.
 M`}oy `n}tovoaç}tgioy me j` vodj`igùn dtg}àngi` `muj}` "07!35 `ðoy' "me Vbe`y`n}* 0723'.
Me ey}e aomo* vueme `yekut`ye pue joy m`}oyod}engmoy vot mgceten}ey gnsey}gk`motey gnmgsgmu`jey wen mgy}gn}oy ktuvoy ç}ngioy w oiuv`igon`jey vuem`nyet ioav`t`moy w u}gjgx`moy v`t` ej mgyeðo.Ye vuemen aemgt mgy}gn}oy }gvoy me mgaenygoneyey}à}gi`y o ey}tui}ut`jey. J` ]`dj` 0 enuaet` `jkunoyme joy }gvoy me aemgigùn pue yon me gn}etçy v`t`mgyeðo mej juk`t me }t`d`ho. Ye b`n jjes`mo ` i`do`jkunoy ey}umgoy `n}tovoaç}tgioy ion ej cgn me vtev`t`t }`dj`y me m`}oy ey}tui}ut`jey pue vuem`n yet 

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