ANANDA SUTRAM COMMENTARY
SHIVA (SHI + VAN)Generally used in sense of welfare. Sometimes itdenotes deity for destruction. Shiva as the Lord of the spacio-temporalsystem destroys ignorance- the universe being created out of ignorance,Shiva is rightly called the deity of destruction. In AM philosophy,this word means Supreme Consciousness.SHAKTI (SHA + KTAN): Generally used as a functional force workingbehind action, but in AM philosophy, this word stands for SupremeOperative Principle.A'TMAKAM'; Stands for inseparable relation.BRAHMA: BRAHANTA'TVA'T BRAHMA, BRHATVA'T BRAHMA - That entity which ismaking every other entity as great as He is and who is greater than thegreatest entity.Explanation:This Sutra is the cornerstone of the ontological concept of AMphilosophy. In six orthodox philosophical schools (Nya'ya, Sa'm'khya,Yoga, Vaeshe-s'hika, Veda'nta, Miima'msa) words like Purus'a, lishvara,Bhagava'na, and Parama'tma, have been used to denote the highest being.In AM philosophy, these words have not been used as synonymous toBrahma. The above mentioned terminologies do not denote the qualitiesof Brahma. These words do not stand for the unqualified state ofconsciousness. The term lishvara means the controller of all thecontrollers, but it does not mean the unqualified state of conscious-ness. In AM philosophy, the term Purusa'ottama has been used in theplace of lishvara. In Veda'nta, we find the use of the term Brahma, butthe Brahma of Veda'nta is the qualified state of consciousness of AMphilosophy. Although Brahma of Veda'nta has been described as theprogenitor of everything and deathless, the term does never refer tothe non-qualified state of consciousness.In Sa'm'khya philosophy, the term Purus'a has been used to denote thenon-qualified state of consciousness. The Purus'a of Sa'm'khya has beendescribed as companionless, pairless, and a singular entity. Accordingto Sa'm'khya, Purus'a is phenomena, pure consciousness, free from allbondages, and above the influence of Prakrti. There is no reference tothe qualified state of consciousness in Sa'm'khya. The term Bhagava'nastands for an entity which possesses six defined attributes. Thesedivine attributes abide in the qualified state of consciousness,therefore this term cannot denote the non-qualified state ofconsciousness. Similarly, the term Parama'tma denotes the qualifiedstate of consciousness alone.