Monosaccharides-simple sugars with multiple OH groups.Based on number of carbons (3, 4, 5, 6), a monosaccharideis atriose,tetrose,pentoseorhexose.
Disaccharides-2 monosaccharides covalently linked.
Oligosaccharides-a few monosaccharides covalentlylinked.
Polysaccharides-polymers consisting of chains of monosaccharide or disaccharide units.
(glycans) have the followingbasic composition:
There are a variety of interrelated classification schemes. The mostuseful classification scheme divides the carbohydrates into groupsaccording to the number of individual simple sugar units.