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General Bibliography

Assumed Background

Introduction

1 Radiation (Light) is a Wave

1.1 Wave equation

1.2 Energy of the EM wave

2 Diﬃculties of the Wave Theory of Radia-

2.1 Discovery of the electron

2.2 Discovery of X-rays

2.3 Photoelectric eﬀect

2.5 Discrete atomic spectra

3 Black-Body Radiation

3.1 Number of radiation modes

3.2 Equipartition theorem

4 Planck’s Quantum Hypothesis

4.1 Boltzmann distribution function

4.2 Planck’s formula for I(λ)

4.3 Photoelectric eﬀect

4.4 Compton scattering

5 The Bohr Model

5.1 The hydrogen atom

5.2 X-rays characteristic spectra

5.3 Diﬃculties of the Bohr model

6 Duality of Light and Matter

6.1 Matter waves

6.2 Matter wave interpretation of the Bohr’s model

6.3 Wave function

6.4 Physical meaning of the wave function

6.5 Phase and group velocities

6.6 The Heisenberg uncertainty principle

6.8 Wave packets

7 Schr¨odinger Equation

7.1 Schr¨odinger equation of a free particle

7.3 Schr¨odinger equation of a particle in an external

7.4 Equation of continuity

1. Inﬁnite potential quantum well

8.1 Inﬁnite potential quantum well

8.2 Finite square-well potential

8.3 Quantum tunneling

Quantum Wires and Quantum Dots

Schr¨odinger equation

9.2 Quantum wire and quantum dot

10 Linear Operators and Their Algebra

10.1 Algebra of operators

10.2 Hermitian operators

10.2.1 Properties of Hermitian operators

10.2.2 Examples of Hermitian operators

10.3 Scalar product and orthogonality of two eigen-

10.4 Expectation value of an operator

10.5 The Heisenberg uncertainty principle revisited

11 Dirac Notation

11.1 Projection operator

11.2 Representations of linear operators

12 Matrix Representation of Linear Opera-

12.1 Matrix representation of operators

12.2 Matrix representation of eigenvalue equations

14 Quantum Harmonic Oscillator

14.1 Algebraic operator technique

14.2 Special functions method

15 Angular Momentum and Hydrogen Atom

15.1 Angular part of the wave function: Angular mo-

15.2 Radial part of the wave function

16 Systems of Identical Particles

16.1 Symmetrical and antisymmetrical functions

16.2 Pauli principle

Final Remark

Appendix B: Useful mathematical formulae

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