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Criterion between the Allies of the Merciful and the allies of the Devil

Criterion between the Allies of the Merciful and the allies of the Devil

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The Criterion Between The Allies Of the Merciful & The Allies Of the Devil by Ibn Taymiyya translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan.
The Criterion Between The Allies Of the Merciful & The Allies Of the Devil by Ibn Taymiyya translated by Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan.

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Published by: Jason Galvan (Abu Noah Ibrahim Ibn Mikaal) on Nov 03, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Criterion
he Criterion
Between The Allies
etween The Allies
Of the Merciful
f the Merciful
& The Allies
The Allies
Of the Devil
f the Devil
by Ibn Taymiyya
y Ibn Taymiyya
translated by
ranslated by
Salim Abdallah ibn Morgan
alim Abdallah ibn Morgan
The Criterion Between Allies of the Merciful & The Allies of the Devil - 1 
- Chapter 1 -
All praise is to Allah. We seek His aid, ask Him for guidance, and ask His forgiveness. Weseek refuge in Allah from the evil which is in ourselves, and the wicked of our actions.Whoever Allah guides none can send astray, and whoever Allah sends astray, none canguide. We testify that there is no deity except Allah, alone and with no partner. And, wetestify that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. He sent him with the guidance and theway of truth so that He (i.e. Allah) might make it predominate over all other ways, andAllah is sufficient as a witness. He sent him preceding the Hour (
), as a bringer of good tidings, a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission, and as a beacon light. He(Allah) guided with it those who had been lost, and gave sight to those who had beenblind, gave uprightness and order to those who had been following unbridled impulse, Heopened unseeing eyes, deaf ears, and sealed hearts. With it, He established the criterionfor distinguishing truth from falsehood, guidance from going astray, uprightness fromfollowing of whims, the believers from the disbelievers, the joyous people of paradise andthe miserable people of the fire, and the allies of Allah from His enemies. Whoever theProphet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) has attested to as being among the allies of Allah,are the
(friends or allies) of the Merciful, and whoever the Prophet has describedas being among the enemies of Allah, are indeed among the enemies of Allah, and areamong the
of the
(devil).Allah has explained in His Book, and in the Sunnah of His Prophet that He has
among the people and that
also has his
, and He has differentiatedbetween these two types of 
. Allah said: “Indeed, there is no fear upon the awliyaa' of Allah, nor shall they grieve,those who believe and are ever pious in their actions. To them are gladtidings in this life and in the hereafter. There is no changing the words of Allah. That, then, is the great success.” (Qur'an Yunus 10:62-64) “Allah is the protector (ally) of those who believe, He takes them out of thedarknesses into the light. As for the disbelievers, their allies are the
who take them out of the light and into the darknesses. Those are the peopleof the fire, and they will be in it forever.” (Qur'an al-Baqarah 2:257)
The Criterion Between Allies of the Merciful & The Allies of the Devil - 2 
 “O, you who believe, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. Theyare allies of each other. Whoever among you puts his allegiance with them, iscertainly one of them. Allah does not guide a people who oppress. And so,you see those in whose heart is sickness rushing to (make alliances with)them, saying: "We fear being caught in some unfortunate turn of events".Perhaps Allah will bring victory, or something from Him, such that they cometo regret that which they hid within themselves. And the believers (will) say:"Are these the ones who swore their strongest oaths that they were withyou?" Their works have been invalidated, and they have ended up in completeloss. O, you who believe, whosoever among you turns back from his way(Islam) Allah will surely bring another people whom He loves and who loveHim. (They will be) humble and merciful with the believers, strong and firmwith the disbelievers; they fight in the path of Allah, and do not fear theblame of those who blame. This is the grace of Allah, and He gives it to whomHe wishes, and Allah is encompassing, knowing of all things. Verily, your(true) ally is Allah, His Prophet, and those who believe; those who establishthe prayer, pay the
, and bow in prayer. Whoever puts his allegiancewith Allah, His Prophet, and those who believe, the party of Allah are surelythe victorious ones.” Qur'an 5:51-56) “Thereupon the only true alliance is with Allah, the Truth, that is the best inreward, and the best in final results.” Qur'an 18:44The allies of the devil have also been mentioned in the Qur'an : “And so, when you read the Qur'an, seek refuge in Allah from the accursed
. He has no power over those who believe and depend on their Lord.His power is only over those who give their allegiance to him and who(succumb to his urgings and) associate (partners) with Allah.” Qur'an 16:98-100 “Those who believe fight in the path of Allah, and those who disbelieve fightin the path of 
, so fight the allies of 
, verily, the plot of Shaitaan is weak (when confronted with true faith).” Qur'an 4:76 “And when we said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam," they bowed down allexcept for Iblis. He was one of the
, and he rebelled against the order of his Lord. And so, do you then take him and his descendants as allies insteadof me, though they are your avowed enemies? What an evil substitute for theoppressors!” Qur'an al-Kahf 18:50

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