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ISHMT ASME 2011 Sharad Pachpute

ISHMT ASME 2011 Sharad Pachpute

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1
 
Paper
 
Reference
 
No.:ISHMT_IND_02_009
 
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF COMBINED CONVECTION AND RADIATION HEATTRANSFER OVER A CIRCULAR CYLINDER AND TUBE BANK 
Sharad Pachpute, B. Premachandran*, Prabal Talukdar Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, 110016, India.Phone: +91 11 2659128, Fax: +91 11 26582053, E-mail: prem@mech.iitd.ac.in(*Corresponding author)
 ABSTRACT
 In this paper, results obtained from a numericalstudy on combined convective and gas radiative heattransfer from single circular cylinder and tube bank with the inline arrangement of cylinder is presented. Numerical simulations were carried out for Reynolds number ranging from 100 to 50350.Simulations for combined convective and radiativeheat transfer were carried out for a radiativelyabsorbing medium flowing over a single cylinder/in-line tube bank. The effect of radiation propertieswere studied in detail for single cylinder withlaminar flow.
Keywords: cross flow, convection and radiation,DO model, participating mediaINTRODUCTION
Combined convection and gas radiation is importantin many industrial systems. In waste heat recoverysystems and power plant applications, combinedconvection and gas radiation place a predominantrole. In order to design these systems, accurate heattransfer correlations which consider both convectionand gas radiation is important. However, most of these systems are designed based on theapproximate methods. Numerical and experimentalstudies on convective heat transfer from singlecylinder and tube bank have been reportedextensively in the literature due to its industrialrelevance. The numerical modeling of flow over atube bank is complex as it includes all the modes of heat transfer and also involves complex fluidsmechanics behavior because of the unsteadiness of the problem [1-3]. In most of the industrialapplications, the gas flows through the tube bank isradiatively participating and hence a numericalmodel without the consideration of gas radiationcould be very crude. It has been seen from theliterature review that there is not enough work which considers gas radiation for flow over a tube banks and is the main motivation behind this work.Circular cylinders find perhaps the mostwidespread application in the heat exchangers, power generator, and other thermal apparatus .Thecircular cylinder constitute a classical element in the boilers, in steam or gas turbines, in gas compressor,and various aerodynamic systems[4]. Kaminski etal. [5] studied both experimentally and numerically,fluid flow and heat transfer of a participating gasover a right circular cylinder for a Reynolds number of 500 at different gas temperature. They haveassumed medium to be non-gray and non-scattering,and the intensity field was approximated by P1spherical harmonics method for each effective band.In this numerical model, they did not consider unsteady effects which occurred due to vortexshedding and simulated only the flow past cylinder considering only top portion .In the present work, numerical simulations arecarried out for both single cylinder and in-line tube bank at various Reynolds number. The gas radiationis assumed to be gray and is modeled using discreteordinates method. Numerical study of convectiveheat transfer is carried out to validate present resultwith that available in literature
 
2
 
NOMENCLATURE
D Diameter (m)k Turbulence kinetic energy (J/kg) Nu Nusselt number Re Reynolds number S
T
Transverse pitch (m)S
L
Longitudinal pitch (m)S
D
Diagonal pitch (m)T Temperature (K)Tu Turbulence intensitya S
T
/D b S
L
/D
Greek symbol 
Θ
angle
ω
specific dissipation rate
κ 
absorption coefficient (1/m)
σ
s
scattering coefficient (1/m)
Subscripts
in inletw wallconv convectiverad radiative
PROBLEMS STATEMENT SOLUTIONPROCEDURE
The computational domain for flow past cylinder isshown in Fig.1. To understand wake region, thelength of computational domain flow past cylinder and tube bank taken to be very large. Width of thecomputational domain is taken in such a way thatthere is no influence of flow occurs near the cylinder from the boundaries and the top and bottom boundaries are always at free stream conditions.
 
The numerical simulations are carried out for (i)flow past a single cylinder and (ii) flow past an in-line tube (cylinder) bank (Fig. 2).In the beginning of the solution process, uniform free velocity,temperature and pressure field are prescribed in eachcell of the flow domain as given below In the inlet,an uniform velocity and a constant temperature areassumed. Outflow condition is used at the outlet.For both top and bottom boundaries, symmetry boundary conditions are imposed. The cylinder surface is considered as wall with a giventemperature and no slip condition.Fig.1 Computational domain for flow past cylinder Fig.2 Computational domain for flow past in-linetube bank 
Solution Procedure
The governing equations of fluid flow and heattransfer were solved using a commercial software package FLUENT. FLUENT uses finite volumeimplicit techniques to solve the equations which aresolved sequentially. The flow field was solved as anincompressible laminar flow problem. The effect of gravity is neglected. Pressure disctretization utilizedthe standard methods as PISO coupling. The secondorder upwind discretization scheme was employedfor momentum and energy equations. Reynoldsnumber is based on cylinder diameter and freestream velocity at the inlet. Second order accurateimplicit method was used for the transientdiscretization.For numerical simulation of turbulent flow, pressure discretization was done with the standard
 
 
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