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Airbus Damage Tolerance Methodology for Composite Structure

Airbus Damage Tolerance Methodology for Composite Structure

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Published by Boby Alexander

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Categories:Types, Reviews
Published by: Boby Alexander on Jan 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/11/2013

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AIRBUS DAMAGE TOLERANCE METHODOLOGIESFOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
Dong Sheng LiAirbusD2, New Technical Centre, Airbus UK, Filton, Bristol BS99 7AR, United Kingdomdong.li@airbus.com
SUMMARY
This is an overview of the damage tolerance approaches and methodologies used for thedesign, certification and maintenance of composite structures at Airbus. It covers impactthreat, damage detectability, inspection program, fatigue, tests and analyses. It isintended to provide directions for future research in the area of composite damagetolerance.
Keywords: Damage Tolerance, Impact, Composites, Detectability, Aircraft 
DAMAGE TOLERANCE APPROACH
The starting point for setting the DT (damage tolerance) philosophy is the regulationwhich consists of requirements defined by the airworthiness authorities. Policies formeans of compliance are defined by interpreting the requirements.
Impact Threat
Impact threat is defined by analysing damage data recorded in service. The threat isdifferent depending on the location of the aircraft. Large amount of data covering longenough service time and large enough fleet size is essential for producing statisticallysignificant impact threat.
Damage Detectability
Damage detectability is represented by BVID (Barely Visible Impact Damage). It isdependent on the type of inspection and is determined by analysis of detectability testdata. BVID is defined for transverse impact and edge impact.
Inspection programs
Determined using a probabilistic analysis taking into account impact threat, probabilityof detection, load occurrence, residual strength variation, etc.
Large Damage Capability
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