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Hypertension's relationship to body weight

Hypertension's relationship to body weight

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Published by danopano
Discover hypertension's realtionship to body weight. Click on link to view details to this report: http://blueheronhealthnews.com/site/2011/01/16/blood-pressure-program/
Discover hypertension's realtionship to body weight. Click on link to view details to this report: http://blueheronhealthnews.com/site/2011/01/16/blood-pressure-program/

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Published by: danopano on Jan 05, 2012
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03/30/2013

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Lose weight; virtually guaranteed to effectively reduce problematic high blood pressure!Click on link below to instantly view details to this newsworthy report today!
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?
 Hypertension is derived from two root words; Hyper meaning High and Tension meaningPressure. Hypertension simply means high blood pressure. Pressure is the force generated whenthe heart contracts and pump blood through the blood vessels that conduct the blood to variousparts of the blood.
 
Although hypertension does not mean or result from excessive emotional tension, but evidenceshows that stress and emotional tension do cause increase in blood pressure, and if continuous,could be sustained.
 
High blood pressure is therefore generally defined as a blood pressure exceeding 140/90mmHgconfirmed on multiple occasions. The top number (140) is called the SYSTOLIC PRESSURE, andit represents the pressure in the blood vessels (arteries) as the heart contracts and pump bloodinto circulation. The bottom number (90) is called DIASTOLIC PRESSURE, and it represents thepressure in the blood vessels as the heart relaxes after contraction. These figures measured inmillimeters of Mercury (mmHg) reflect the highest and lowest pressures the heart and bloodvessels are exposed to during circulation. The generally accepted normal value for blood pressureis 120/80mmHg. Above this value but less than 140/90mmHg is not considered to be hypertensiveyet but signals danger, it is therefore called High normal. An elevation of the blood pressure (Hypertension) increases the risk of developing Heart (Cardiac)diseases such as Heart Failure and Heart attack, Kidney diseases, Vascular diseases likeathelosclerosis (hardening and narrowing of blood vessels), Eye damage and Stroke (braindamage).
 
These complications called End organ damage arise as a result of long standing (chronic)hypertension. But victims of hypertension are not aware, at an early stage, that they have thedisease, until these complications start appearing. This is because hypertension shows virtually nosigns/symptoms at the early stage. For this reason, it is generally referred to as the 'Silent Killer'. The damage caused by hypertension increases in severity as the blood pressure increases.Based on this hypertension can be classified as follow
: 
CATEGORYSYSTOLIC(mmHg)DIASTOLIC(mmHg)
Normal
 
Less than 130
 
Less than 85High Normal
 
130 - 139
 
85 - 89Mild Hypertension
 
140 - 159
 
90 - 99Moderate Hypertension
 
160 - 179
 
100 - 109Severe Hypertension
 
180 - 209
 
110 - 119Very Severe Hypertension
 
Greater than 210
 
 
Greater than 120
 
BORDERLINE HYPERTENSION
 Borderline Hypertension is defined as mildly elevated blood pressure that is found to be higherthan 140/90mmHg at some times and lower than that at other times. Patients with borderline value need to have their blood pressure monitored more frequently. Theyalso need to assess end organ damage to be aware of the significance of their hypertension. It should, however, be emphasized that patients with borderline hypertension have a highertendency to develop a more sustained hypertension as they get older. They stand a modest risk ofhaving heart related diseases. A close monitoring of their blood pressure and lifestyles could bevery useful in this regard. 
WHITE COAT HYPERTENSION
 A single elevated blood pressure reading in the doctor's office could be misleading, because theelevation might only be temporary. Evidence over the years has shown that anxiety related to thestress of the examination and fear of the result often result in blood pressure elevation noticed inthe doctor's office only. Infact, it has been suggested that one out of every four persons thought tohave mild hypertension, actually may have normal blood pressure outside the physician's office.This sort of elevated blood pressure noticed in the physician's office is called 'White CoatHypertension'. Suggesting that the white coat, symbolic of the physician, induces the patient'sanxiety and a passing increase in blood pressure. Accordingly, monitoring of blood pressure athome, when in a more relaxed state of mind, can provide a more reliable estimate of the frequencyand/or consistency of blood pressure changes. 
WHAT CAUSES HYPERTENSION?
 The Blood pressure is determined by two major parameters; Cardiac output i.e. the volume ofblood pumped by the heart, and the Total peripheral resistance i.e. the resistance of the bloodvessels through which blood flows. Hypertension is therefore an end result of either increasedforce of pumping by the heart, or constriction/narrowing of blood vessels causing increasedresistance to blood flow or both.Using the cause of hypertension as a yardstick, two major types of hypertension can be described; 
Essential Hypertensio
 
Secondary hypertension 
 The former also called Primary or Idiopathic hypertension is by far the most prevalent type ofhypertension. It accounts for over 90% of all hypertension cases. No clear cut cause(s) can beidentified for this type of accommodation, hence the name Idiopathic. The later accounts for less than 10% of all cases. In this case, the hypertension is secondary to anexisting abnormality in one or more systems or organs of the body. The most common causes arerelated to kidney and hormonal problems. The persistent uncontrolled use of contraceptives,especially in females over 35years of age fall under hormonal causes of hypertension. 
 
Since no clear-cut cause(s) can be adduce for the most common types of hypertension, as withthe case with most non-communicable diseases, we therefore talk in terms of 'Risk Factors' andnot causes. These Risk Factors are actions/inactions that increases chances of getting a disease.Several researches over the years have shown that some factors are directly or indirectly relatedto the occurrence of hypertension. Some of the factors include: HEREDITARY: High blood pressure tends to run in some families and races. It is believed thatsome inherited traits predispose some people to hypertension. For example, high blood pressuretends to be more prevalent in blacks than whites. A family history of hypertension increases one chances of high blood pressure. Regular monitoringof blood pressure becomes very vital.
 
HIGH SALT INTAKE: High intake of Sodium Chloride (table salt) has being linked to high bloodpressure. The condition develops mostly in societies or communities that have a fairly high intakeof salt, exceeding 5.8grams daily. In fact, salt intake may be a particularly important factor inrelation to essential hypertension that is associated with advancing age, black racial background,hereditary susceptibility, obesity and kidney failure. Research has shown that: a.Rise in blood pressure with age is directly related to increase level of sat intake, especially inblacks. b.People who consume little sodium chloride develop no high blood pressure when they consumemore, hypertension appears. c.Increased Sodium is found in the blood vessels and blood of most hypertensives. Cutting down on salt intake is therefore a reasonable step in preventing hypertension OBESITY: A close relationship exists between hypertension and obesity. In fact it is believed that mosthypertensives are more than 10% overweight. Fat accumulation in the trunk or abdomen is notonly related to hypertension but also to diabetes and hyperlipideamia (excess fat in the body).Obesity can contribute to hypertension in several ways. For one thing, obesity leads to a greateroutput of blood, because the heart has to pump more blood to supply the excess tissues. Theincreased cardiac output then can raise the blood pressure. For another thing, obese hypertensiveindividuals have a greater stiffness (resistance) in the peripheral arteries throughout the body.Finally, obesity may be associated with a tendency for the kidneys to retain salt in the body.Weight loss may help reverse problems related to obesity while also lowering blood pressure. Ithas been estimated that the blood pressure can be decreased 0.32mmHg for every 1kg(2.2pounds) of weight loss. The International standard for measuring overweight and obesity is based on a value called BODYMASS INDEX (BMI). This value is derived by dividing the body weight (in Kilograms) by thesquare of height (in Metres). i.e. BMI = Body weight (Kg) 

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