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Probability II

# Probability II

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11/04/2012

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CHAPTER 15 PROBABILITY II
15
.1 Probability of an Event
Important concept:
( )( )( )
n Aninoutcomesof  number   Ainoutcomesof  number   A P
==
, where
( )
10
A P
1. Determine the sample space for each of the following experiments.Example :a)A fair coin is tossed.
b)A pen is takenout at random from a bag containing a blue pen and a black  pen.
S =
c) A ball is picked at random from a bag containing a blue ball, a green ball and a red ball.
S =
d)A card is picked from thefollowing cards.
S =
e)The result otrue – false question.
S =
f) A number is select at random fromthe set
{ : 5 12, isaninteger}
x x x
S =
2. Determine the probability of an event.a) A bag contains 7 red balls, 5 green balls and 6 pink balls. A ball is pickedat random. Find the probability for each of thefollowing events.i)A = a red ball is picked
n(A) = 7, n(S) = 18
187)()()(
==
n An A P
ii) B = a green ballis picked
n(B) =n(S) = P(B) =
iii) C = a pink ballis picked
n (C) =n(S) = P(C) =
b) A bag contains 6 whitemarbles, 8 red marbles and12 green marbles. A marbleis picked at random. Find the probability that the marble isi)Red
n ( R) =n(S )= P® =
white
n(W) =n(S) = P(W)=
greenc) The table shows a set of numbers. A number ischosen at random from theset.101115172219162518i)Probability that a prime number ischosen=ii) Probability thatthe number chosenis divisible by 2=iii) Probability thata multiple of 5 ischosen=
Probability II
1HEBAT

d) Each vowel in the word‘PROBABILITY’ is writtenon a pink card and eachconsonant is written on a blue card. A card is drawn atrandom from these cards.Find the probability thati) a pink card is drawnii) A vowel is drawniii) a letter B isdrawne)A letter is selected atrandom from the word‘ASSOCIATIONS’. Findthe probability of selectingthe letter Sii) the letter OThe letter ‘Pf) A factory has 24 male and16 female workers. If aworker is selected atrandom, find the probability thati)a maleworker is selectedii) a female worker is selectediii) If 4 femaleworkers leave thefactory and, then,a worker isselected, find the probability that afemale worker isselected.3. Determine the number of objects.Example:
a)
A bag contains 36cards. The probability of getting a blue card fromthe bag is
31
. Number of  blue cards in the bag=
123136
=×
b) A bag contains48 cards. The probability of getting a green cardfrom the bag is
41
. Number of greencards in the bag=c) A bag contains 27cards. The probability of getting a pink card fromthe bag is
31
. Number of pink cards in the bag=d) A bag contains60 cards. The probability of getting a red cardfrom the bag is
51
. Number of redcards in the bag=e) A bag contains 27 blue pens and some black pens.The probability of picking a blue pen is
43
.Total number of pens in the bag=
363427
=×
f) A bag contains 20red pens and somegreen pens. The probability of  picking a red pen is
52
.Total number of penin the bag=g) A bag contains 18 pink pens and some blue pens. The probability of  picking a blue pen is
32
. Total number of  pen in the bag =h) A bag contains24 brown pens andsome yellow pens.The probability of  picking a brown penis
73
. Totalnumber of pen inthe bag =
Probability II
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i)
A class has 12 boys andsome girls. The probability of choosing a boy is
83
.Total number of students inthe class=
j)
A factory has 21male workers andsome femaleworkers. The probability of choosing a maleworker is
83
.Total number of workers in thefactory=k) There are 60 yellowfiles and some brownfiles in a drawer. The probability of choosinga yellow file is
53
.Total number of files inthe drawer =l) A bag contains 25red apples and somegreen apples. The probability of choosing a redapple is
85
.Total number of apples in the bag=
15.2Complement of an Event
The
complement
of an event A is denoted by
A
'.
A
' contains all outcomes of the sample spacethat are not in
A
.
P(A) + P(A') = 1
P(A') = 1 – P(A)
1. State the complement of each of the following events in words and set notation.EventComplement of event inwordsComplement of event in set notationa) A fair coin is tossed
A
A'
A'
= { tail } b) A fair dice is tossedB = An odd numbeis obtainedB’ =c) A letter is picked atrandom from the word‘DILIGENT’C = The letter I isobtainedC’ =2. Solve problems involving complement.a) The probability that a teamloses in a match is
52
.What is the probability thatthe teams win the match?
53521)(1)(
===
loss P Win P
b) The probabilitythat Rahim is latefor school is
81
.What is the probability that he ison time?c) A basket containssome red apples andsome green apples. The probability of picking ared apple is
72
.The probability of  picking a green apple,
P(Green) =
d)A tray containsome soft-boiledeggs and some hard boiled eggs. The probability of choosing a soft- boiled egg is
52
.
P( Hard-boiled egg) =
Probability II
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