Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chapter 6 II Math Reasoning ENHANCE

Chapter 6 II Math Reasoning ENHANCE

Ratings: (0)|Views: 50|Likes:

More info:

Published by: juriah binti ibrahim on Jan 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/05/2012

pdf

text

original

 
CHAPTER 6: MATHEMATICAL REASONING
6.1:
STATEMENTS
-
is a sentence which is either true or false but not both 
6.1.1 : Determine whether each of the following is a statement ( ) or not a statement ( ) .ExampleAnswerExerciseAnswe118 is an odd numbe 
2
48124
x x x
=×
 2X + 4642000 = 6.42
×
10
 – 3
321 + 4 = 25(2.56
×
10
 – 4
)
2
423 > 34I good in mathematics543 + 25 68 3.46 is an intege6All octagons have 3 edges 7 + 917What is the price of the dictionary? Please try again889 is a perfect square A parallelogram is a circle9Some even numbers can be divided by 5 
{ }
,5,4,3,2,1,04,3,1
10Finish your mathematics` exercise 
435
2
+
x x
6.1.2 : Determine whether each of the following is true or false.
6.2 QUANTIFIER ‘‘ALL’’ AND ‘‘SOME’’
 6.2.1 Based on the information given, construct a
true statement
using the quantifier 
Mathematical Reasoning 
ExampleAnswerExerciseAnswe1 1> 3
 –1
 FalseThe root of x
2
– 3
2
is x =
±
3281 is a perfect squareTrue13 + 6 > 10 – 
 
330.0002450 = 2.45
×
10
3
False
)()22(22
2
 x x x x
+=+
4
4325
=+
FalseZero is smaller than 1541 is a prime numberTrue
{ }
8,6,4,2
φ 
6All hexagons have 6 sidesTrue
11255048
+=÷=÷
713 is a factor of 69FalseIce melts at 10
o
C812 is multiple of 4True
{ }
,10,9,8,7,611,10
9All sets have as its subsetTrue(5
 – 3
)
2
= 2
 – 6
 10
{ }
φ 
=
0
Falsex = 4 is a root of x
2
 –5x + 4 = 0
56
 
‘‘all’’ or ‘‘some’’6.2.1 a) Exercise:Object and propertyAnswer (true statement)1Acute angle ; less than 90
o
All
acute angles are less than 90
o
2 Negative number; smaller than zero
All
negative numbers are smaller than zero3Triangle ; right-angled triangles
Some
triangles are right-angled triangles4Sets; as its subset
All
sets have as its subset6.2.1 b) Exercise:6.2.2 Based on the information given, construct a
false statement
using the quantifier ‘‘all’’ or ‘‘some’’6.2.2 a) Example:Object and propertyAnswer (false statement)1Null sets ; no elements
Some
null sets have no elements2Parallel line ; the same length
All
parallel lines have the same length3Quadrilaterals ; two parallel sides
Some
quadrilaterals have two parallel sides4Odd number ; perfect square
All
odd number are perfect squares6.2.2 b) Exercise:6.3 :
Operations on statement
 
Mathematical Reasoning 
Object and propertyAnswer (true statement)1Rhombuses ; four equal sides2Odd number ; prime number 3Factor of 6 ; factor of 34Isosceles triangle ; two equal sides5Even number ; divisible by 10Object and propertyAnswer (false statement)1Multiple of 2 ; multiple of 42Orchid flower ; yellow in colour 3Animal ; can swim4Human being ; heart5Multiples of 8 ; can be exactly divided by 2
 
57
 
6.3.1 :
Change the truth of each of the following statements by using the word 
‘not’
or 
‘no’
 
6.3.1 a) Example:
StatementTruth
14 is a factor of 32 True4 is
not
a factor of 32
 False
2Human being have legsTrueHuman being have
no
legs
 False
3All triangles have a sum of interior angles of 180
o
True
Not
all triangles have a sum of interior angles of 180
o
 False
4Rambutan has thornsFalseRambutan has
no
thorns
True
51
2
+ 3
2
is more than 3
2
True1
2
+ 3
2
is
not
more than 3
2
 False
6Fish has finsTrueFish has
no
fins
 False
7Mammal is warm bloodedTrueMammal is
not
warm blooded
 False
8All perfect squares are integersTrue
Not
all perfect squares are integers
 False
956 can be exactly divided by 6False56 can
not
 be exactly divided by 6
True
1012
2
is equal to 144True12
2
is
not
equal to 144
 False
6.3.1 b) Exercise:Change the
truth
of each of the following statements by using the word “not” or “no”
StatementTruth
1Some even numbers are divisible by 102All factors of 7 are factors of 143All trapeziums have a pair of parallel lines444 is a multiple of 115
23
100
is equal to 10
2
6Nucleus is an organelle
Mathematical Reasoning 
58

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->