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Chapter 14 I Circles ENHANCE

# Chapter 14 I Circles ENHANCE

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11/08/2012

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220
°
xO
CHAPTER 11: CIRCLES III
11.1
PROPERTIES OF ANGLES IN CIRCLES1.Angle subtended by an arc at the centre is twice the angle subtended at the circumferenceby the same arc.
x = 2y
Example
a) Find the value of x.x = 110
°
÷ 2 = 55
°
Exercises
i). Find the value of x. ii) iii)
2.
Angle subtended at the circumference in a semicircle is
90
°
.
x = y =
90
°
Example
b) Find the value of x
°
. x = 90
°
– 60
°
= 30°
Exercises
Find the value of x
°.
i)x
=
Circles III
O35
°
x
42
°
O
x1x
=
x
=

o
x

54°
x
O

110
°
x
=y
x
O
x y
60
°
x
O

ii)x
=
ii) x
=
3.
a) Angles subtended at the circumference by the same arc are equal. b

r = s
b)
Angles subtended at the circumference by arcs of the same length are the same.
x = y
Example
Find the value of y = 47
o
Exercises
i)
Find the value of x

and y
.
x =

y =
Circles III
x

47
°
y38
°
2

47
o
y
35
°
x

ox

o
s
x y

ii) Find the value of y.

y =iii) Find the value of x and y.
xy
+ =
4 a
) The sum of interior opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180
o
.
p + r = 180
o
q + s = 180
o
b)
The exterior angle and the corresponding interior opposite angle of cyclic quadrilateral areequal
x = y
Example
Find the value of x

and y
.
x
=
180° - 85° y = 180° - 95°= 95° = 85°
Exercises
Find the value of x and y.i)x = y =ii)iii)
Circles III
27
°
y
x

80°y115°Ax B O50°
110
°yDC
3
P Q95° xy85° R

S

s

p

q
60
o
17
o
x y
x

y