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Chapter 18 I Number Bases ENHANCE

Chapter 18 I Number Bases ENHANCE

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Published by: juriah binti ibrahim on Jan 05, 2012
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11/04/2012

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CHAPTER 18: NUMBER BASES
1.1 Important concepts
1.2 Number in base two
1.2.1 State the value of a digit of a number in base two.
  Example:
1101
2
The value of a digit 1 is 1 × 2
3
= 8
 Exercises :
1.1100
2
2.110110
2
3.100010
2
4.1110100
2
5.100100
2
6.1011111
2
7.10111110
2
8.11110110
2
9.10101100
2
10.1000111100
2
1.2.2 Conversion of numbers in base two to the number in base ten.
Example :
110
2
= (1 × 2
2
 ) + (1 × 2
1
 )
 
+ (0 × 2
0
 )= 4 + 2 + 0
 Number Bases 12
 
Number BasesNumber in basetwo
Only use digits 0and 1.Place value :2
3
2
2
2
1
2
0
 
Number in baseeight
Only use digits 0,1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and7,Place value :8
3
8
2
8
1
8
0
 
Number in basefive
Only use digits 0,1, 2, 3 and 4Place value :5
3
5
2
5
1
5
0
 
= 6 
10
 Exercises :
1.101
2
2.1101
2
3.1100
2
4.1110
2
5.1011
2
6.1101
2
7.10110
2
8.11011
2
 Example :
1001
2
== 8 + 1= 9
10
9.101110
2
10.111000
2
11.1100111
2
12.1010011
2
13.10101101
2
14.11101101
2
1.2.3 Conversion of numbers in base ten to the number in base two. 
 Example :
25
10
 225 remainde212 126 023 021 10 1 25
10
= 11001
2
 
 Exercises :
1.16
10
2.29
10
 Number Bases 13
 
8421
1001
 
3.34
10
4.39
10
5.44
10
6.47
10
 
 Example :
12
10
 12
10
= 1100
2
7.55
10
8.68
10
9.87
10
10.94
10
11.101
10
12.117
10
1.3 Number in base eight
1.3.1 State the value of a digit of a number in base eight.
 Example :
14
2
The value of a digit 4 is 4 × 8
0
= 4
 Exercises :
1.15
8
2.24
8
3.61
8
4.145
8
5.327
8
6.326
8
7.2516
8
8.3404
8
9.1625
8
10.4613
8
1.3.2 Conversion of numbers in base eight to the number in base ten.
Example:
26 
8
= ( 2 × 8
1
 ) + (6 × 8
0
 )
 
= 16 + 6 = 22
10
 Exercises:
1.23
8
2.34
8
3.63
8
4.71
8
5.124
8
6.156
8
 Number Bases 14
421
1100
 
84

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