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Chapter 21 I Variations ENHANCE

# Chapter 21 I Variations ENHANCE

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Published by: juriah binti ibrahim on Jan 05, 2012
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06/14/2012

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CHAPTER 5: VARIATIONS
IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
Direct Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
y
varies directly as
x y

x y
=
kx
P varies directly as Q
2
P

Q
2
P

=
Q
2
M is directly proportional to
N
M

N
M

=
Inverse Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
y
varies inversely as
x y

x
1
y
=
x
P varies inversely as Q
2
P

2
1
Q
P

=

2
Q
M is inversely proportional to
N
M

N
1
M

=
N
Joint Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
w
varies directly as
x
and
yw

xyw
=
xy
P varies directly as
q
and
2
P

q r
2
P

=
q r
2
s
varies directly t andinversely as
u s

u
s
=
uk
varies directly as
e
2
andinversely as
f

f  e
2
=
f  ke
2
R varies inversely as M and
N

N
1

=
N
4 steps to solve problems involving variations:
STEP 1 :
Change the statement using the symbol
.
STEP 2 :
Write down the equation connecting the variables using
as the constant of variation.
STEP 3 :
Find the value of
.
STEP 4 :
Find the value of variable required.
A) DIRECT VARIATION
Variations 5

EXAMPLE 1:Given that
P
varies directly as
Q
and
P
=
31
when
Q
= 2.Express
P
in terms of
Q
and find the value of
P
when
Q
= 18.
STEP 1 : Symbol -
P

Q
STEP 2 : Equation -
P
= k
Q
, k = constant
STEP 3 : Find the value of k,
31
= k(2)
31
= 2k k =
61
THEN, substitute k =
61
in the equation
P
= k
Q
.HENCE,
P
=
61

Q
STEP 4:Find the value of
P
when
Q
= 18,
P
=
61
×
18
P
= 3Exercises:
1.
Given that
y
varies directly as
x
and
y
= 15 when
x
= 5.
a)
Express
y
in terms of
x
.
b)
Find the value of
y
when
x
= 4.
2.
Given that
P

Q
2
and
P
= 10 when
Q
= 2.
a)
Express
P
in terms of
Q
.
b)
Find the value of
P
when
Q
= 4.3.Given that
y
varies directly as
x
and y = 6 when
x
= 9.
c)
Express
y
in terms of
x
.
d)
Find the value of
y
when
x
= 25.
Variations 58

4.It is given that m varies directly as
n
3
and
m
= 32 when
n
= 2. Express
m
in terms of
n
and find the value of m when
n
=
21
.EXAMPLE 2 :
P
varies directly as
x
2
where
x
= 5 +
y
. Given that
P
= 72 when
y
= 1.a) Express
P
in terms of
x
. b) Find the values of y when
P
= 200.
STEP 1 : Symbol -
P

x
2
STEP 2 : Equation -
P
= k
x
2
, k = constant
STEP 3 : Find the value of k, substitute and
x
= 5 + y in the above equation:
P
= k(5 +
y
)
2
Then substitute P=72 and y = 1, 72 = k(5 + 1)
2
72 = 36k k =
672
k = 2THEN, substitute k = 2 in the equation
P
= k
x
2
HENCE,
P
= 2
x
2
STEP 4:Find the value of y when
P
= 200 by substitute
x
= 5 +
y
200 = 2(5 +
y
)
2
100 = (5 +
y
)
2

±
100
= 5 +
y

±
10 = 5 +
y

y
= 10 5 and
y
= -10 – 5
y
= 5 and
y
= -15Exercises:1. M varies directly as
x
2
where x = 3 +
y
. Given that
= 64 when
y
= 1.a) Express M in terms of
x
.
Variations 59

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