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Chapter 21 I Variations ENHANCE

Chapter 21 I Variations ENHANCE

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Published by: juriah binti ibrahim on Jan 05, 2012
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06/14/2012

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CHAPTER 5: VARIATIONS
IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
Direct Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
 y
varies directly as
 x y
 
 x y
=
kx
P varies directly as Q
2
P
 
Q
2
P
 
=
Q
2
M is directly proportional to
 N 
M
 
 
 N 
M
 
=
Inverse Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
 y
varies inversely as
 x y
 
 x
1
 y
=
 x
P varies inversely as Q
2
P
 
 
2
1
Q
P
 
=
 
2
Q
M is inversely proportional to
 N 
M
 
 
 N 
1
M
 
=
 N 
Joint Variations
StatementUsing symbol `
’,Equation with
as constant of variation
w
varies directly as
 x
and
 yw
 
 xyw
=
 xy
P varies directly as
q
and
2
P
 
 
q r 
2
P
 
=
q r 
2
 s
varies directly t andinversely as
u s
 
u
 s
=
uk
varies directly as
e
2
andinversely as
  f  
 
  f  e
2
=
  f  ke
2
R varies inversely as M and
 N 
 
 
 N 
1
 
=
 N 
4 steps to solve problems involving variations:
STEP 1 :
Change the statement using the symbol
.
STEP 2 :
Write down the equation connecting the variables using
as the constant of variation.
STEP 3 :
Find the value of 
.
STEP 4 :
Find the value of variable required.
A) DIRECT VARIATION
Variations 5
 
EXAMPLE 1:Given that
 P 
varies directly as
Q
and
 P 
=
31
when
Q
= 2.Express
 P 
in terms of 
Q
and find the value of 
 P 
when
Q
= 18.
STEP 1 : Symbol -
 P 
 
 
Q
STEP 2 : Equation -
 P 
= k 
Q
, k = constant
STEP 3 : Find the value of k,
31
= k(2)
31
= 2k k =
61
THEN, substitute k =
61
in the equation
 P 
= k 
Q
.HENCE,
 P 
=
61
 
Q
STEP 4:Find the value of 
 P 
when
Q
= 18,
 P 
=
61
×
18 
 P 
= 3Exercises:
1.
Given that
 y
varies directly as
 x
and
 y
= 15 when
 x
= 5.
a)
Express
 y
in terms of 
 x
.
 b)
Find the value of 
 y
when
 x
= 4.
2.
Given that
 P 
 
 
Q
2
and
 P 
= 10 when
Q
= 2.
a)
Express
 P 
in terms of 
Q
.
 b)
Find the value of 
 P 
when
Q
= 4.3.Given that
 y
varies directly as
 x
and y = 6 when
 x
= 9.
c)
Express
 y
in terms of 
 x
.
d)
Find the value of 
 y
when
 x
= 25.
Variations 58
 
4.It is given that m varies directly as
n
3
and
m
= 32 when
n
= 2. Express
m
in terms of 
n
and find the value of m when
n
=
21
.EXAMPLE 2 :
 P 
varies directly as
 x
2
where
 x
= 5 +
 y
. Given that
 P 
= 72 when
 y
= 1.a) Express
 P 
in terms of 
 x
. b) Find the values of y when
 P 
= 200.
STEP 1 : Symbol -
 P 
 
 
 x
2
STEP 2 : Equation -
 P 
= k 
x
2
, k = constant
STEP 3 : Find the value of k, substitute and
 x
= 5 + y in the above equation: 
 P 
= k(5 +
 y
)
2
Then substitute P=72 and y = 1, 72 = k(5 + 1)
2
72 = 36k k =
672
k = 2THEN, substitute k = 2 in the equation
 P 
= k 
x
2
HENCE,
 P 
= 2
 x
2
STEP 4:Find the value of y when
 P 
= 200 by substitute
 x
= 5 +
 y
200 = 2(5 +
 y
)
2
100 = (5 +
 y
)
2
 
±
100
= 5 +
 y
 
±
10 = 5 +
 y
 
 y
= 10 5 and
 y
= -10 – 5 
 y
= 5 and
 y
= -15Exercises:1. M varies directly as
 x
2
where x = 3 +
 y
. Given that
= 64 when
 y
= 1.a) Express M in terms of 
 x
.
Variations 59

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