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UNCTAD - Information Economy Report 2011

UNCTAD - Information Economy Report 2011

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11/07/2012

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ICTs as an Enabler for Private Sector Development
INFORMATIONECONOMY REPORT 2011 
UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT
New York and Geneva, 2011
 
ii
INFORMATION ECONOMY REPORT 2011
NOTE
Within the UNCTAD Division on Technology and Logistics, the ICT Analysis Section carries out policy-orientedanalytical work on the development implications o inormation and communication technologies (ICTs). It isresponsible or the preparation o the
Inormation Economy Report
. The ICT Analysis Section promotes inter-national dialogue on issues related to ICTs or development, and contributes to building developing countries’capacities to measure the inormation economy and to design and implement relevant policies and legal rame-works.In this Report, the terms country/economy reer, as appropriate, to territories or areas. The designations em-ployed and the presentation o the material do not imply the expression o any opinion whatsoever on the parto the Secretariat o the United Nations concerning the legal status o any country, territory, city or area or o itsauthorities, or concerning the delimitation o its rontiers or boundaries. In addition, the designations o countrygroups are intended solely or statistical or analytical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgementabout the stage o development reached by a particular country or area in the development process. The majorcountry groupings used in this Report ollow the classifcation o the United Nations Statistical Ofce. These are:Developed countries: the member countries o the Organization or Economic Cooperation and Development(OECD) (other than Mexico, the Republic o Korea and Turkey), plus the new European Union member countriesthat are not OECD members (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta and Romania), plus Andorra, Israel,Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino. Countries with economies in transition: South-East Europe and theCommonwealth o Independent States. Developing economies: in general, all the economies that are not speci-fed above. For statistical purposes, the data or China do not include those or Hong Kong Special AdministrativeRegion (Hong Kong, China), Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao, China), or Taiwan Province o China.Reerence to companies and their activities should not be construed as an endorsement by UNCTAD o thosecompanies or their activities. The ollowing symbols have been used in the tables: Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available or are not separately reported. Rows in tables have beenomitted in those cases where no data are available or any o the elements in the row; A dash (–) indicates that the item is equal to zero or its value is negligible; A blank in a table indicates that the item is not applicable, unless otherwise indicated; A slash (/) between dates representing years, e.g. 1994/95, indicates a fnancial year;Use o an en dash (–) between dates representing years, e.g. 1994–1995, signifes the ull period involved,including the beginning and end years;Reerence to “dollars” ($) means United States dollars, unless otherwise indicated; Annual rates o growth or change, unless otherwise stated, reer to annual compound rates;Details and percentages in tables do not necessarily add up to the totals because o rounding. The material contained in this study may be reely quoted with appropriate acknowledgement.
UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATIONUNCTAD/IER/2011Sales No. E.11.II.D.6ISSN 2075-4396ISBN 978-92-1-112833-8e-ISBN 978-92-1-055120-5Copyright © United Nations, 2011All rights reserved. Printed in Switzerland
 
iii
PREFACE
PREFACE
 This year’s
Inormation Economy Report
highlights the role o 
information
and communication technologies(ICTs) in enabling private-sector
development
(PSD), and seeks to establish a bridge between ICT and PSD
policymakers.
 The United Nations attaches great importance to the role o a vibrant
and
socially responsible private sectorin achieving sustainable development and
the
Millennium Development Goals.
Private-sector
development isessential or inclusive and equitable economic growth, and Member States are actively engaged in promotingenterprises capable o creating jobs, raising incomes and
productivity,
diversiying the economy and generatinggovernment revenue. Our challenge is
to
accelerate progress and ensure that our eorts reach the poorest andmost
vulnerable
in particular.
·
 The
Inormation Economy Report 2011
identifes our areas in which the ICT-PSD interace is especially promis-ing: strengthening the private sector’s role in extending
ICT
inrastructure and services; enhancing ICT use inenterprises; promoting the ICT
sector
itsel; and making more efcient use
of ICTs
in various public interventionsaimed
at
promoting PSD. Although some countries are already taking advantage o the close links betweenICTs and PSD, much more can be done to make ICTs a powerul orce or improving the competitiveness o theprivate
sector.
 These policy challenges should be addressed urgently. The
information,
analysis and recommendations in thisreport point the way towards ully
exploiting
the great potential o ICTs or private-sector
development.
BAN Ki-moonSecretary-GeneralUnited Nations

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