The research described in this report was sponsored by the UnitedStates Army under Contract DASW01-96-C-0004.
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Cover photo credit: “Grozny, Ville Rayee de la Carte,” French photographer Eric Bouvet. Courtesy AFP PHOTO. Reprinted by permission.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Oliker, Olga.Russia’s Chechen wars 1994–2000 : lessons from urban combat / Olga Oliker.p. cm.“MR-1289.”Includes bibliographical references.ISBN 0-8330-2998-31. Chechnëì (Russia)—History—Civil War, 1994– 2. Urban warfare—Russia(Federation)—Chechnëì.DK511.C37 O44 2001947.086—dc212001041627