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The truth about high blood pressure and how to monitor it

The truth about high blood pressure and how to monitor it

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Published by tedvanduyne
To learn about High Blood Pressure and how to control it please visit my website: http://bit.ly/Ad6TX1
To learn about High Blood Pressure and how to control it please visit my website: http://bit.ly/Ad6TX1

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Published by: tedvanduyne on Jan 06, 2012
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 ==== ====For more information please go to: http://bit.ly/Ad6TX1http://bit.ly/Ad6TX1 ==== ====In some estimations nearly 1 in 3 American adults has high blood pressure. Once high bloodpressure develops, it usually lasts a lifetime. It is very important to control and treat high bloodpressure as many people have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. High bloodpressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work too hard and it also results in thehardening of artery walls. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke. Veryhigh pressure can cause a break in a weakened blood vessel, which then bleeds in the brainresulting in a stroke. If a blood clot blocks one of the narrowed by hardening arteries, it can alsocause a stroke. Sometimes high blood pressure can cause blood vessels in the eye to burst orbleed, what can impair vision and can result in blindness. High blood pressure also increases therisk for heart disease and for heart attack. As arteries bring oxygen-carrying blood to the heartmuscle the artery hardening and narrowing due to high blood pressure may cause the heart not toget enough oxygen, and may result in a chest pain, also known as angina. When the flow of bloodin heart arteries is blocked, that results in a heart attack. High blood pressure is the number onerisk factor for congestive heart failure, a serious condition in which the heart is unable to pumpenough blood to supply the body's needs. It can also cause a kidney disease. That happens overtime, with high blood pressure narrowing and thickening the blood vessels of the kidneys. When ithappens, the kidneys filter less fluid, and metabolic waste builds up in the blood. In certain stagesthe kidneys may fail altogether and medical intervention as dialysis or a kidney transplant may benecessary. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute under normal conditions in adults whoare not taking medicines to treat high blood pressure and are not having certain other illnesses ablood pressure reading below 120/80 mmHg is considered normal. When your systolic pressurereaches 120-139 or your diastolic pressure reaches 80-89 then it is considered prehypertension.According to that classification there are two stages of high blood pressure:- Stage 1 when systolic pressure reaches 140-149 or diastolic pressure reaches 90-99, and- Stage 2 when systolic pressure is 160 or higher or when diastolic pressure is 100 or higher.As an example a blood pressure 120/100 mmHg is considered Stage 2 high blood pressure. Two methods have been used most frequently for non invasive blood pressure measurement. Thefirst method, usually used in ambulatory settings is called an auscultatory (from the Latin forlistening) method, and requires the use of a stethoscope and a sphygmomanometer. In thismethod an inflatable cuff of appropriate size is placed around the upper arm and kept at the heartlevel and is attached to a mercury or aneroid manometer. In auscultatory method the cuff isinflated manually and listening with the stethoscope to the brachial artery at the elbow, whileslowly releasing the pressure in the cuff allows an experienced examiner to take a correct reading.In the second method called oscillometric method, which is frequently used in general practice andalso in at home measurements, an electronic pressure sensor is fitted in the cuff to detect bloodflow, instead of using the stethoscope. Most frequently in such monitors the cuff is inflated and
released by an electrically operated pump and valve. Oscillometric monitors often vary widely inaccuracy, and should be checked at specified intervals and if necessary recalibrated. There arecertain restrictions when, oscillometric monitors do not give correct readings, like in certainmedical conditions such as arterial sclerosis, arrhythmia and also some others. Certain advantage of taking blood pressure readings at home or work with a home blood pressuremonitoring device is to help avoid false readings from the so called white coat hypertension effect(when readings taken in ambulatory settings tend to be higher then those taken at home for somepeople). As increasingly more people are measuring their own blood pressure at home, there ismore interest to know what devices are recommended. There is a wide range of blood pressuremeters available to the public with plenty of good choices along with some not so good ones. It isthus important to do at least a minimal research to be able to make an informed purchase, whichshould serve well your health. When choosing a blood pressure monitor you need to considerseveral factors before you make a purchase decision. First of all you will need to decide on anAneroid Blood Pressure Monitor versus a Digital Blood Pressure Monitor. The aneroid monitorshave a round, glass covered dial that gives you the reading (it replaces the mercury manometer inprofessional clinical monitors), and they usually have manually pumped cuffs and areaccompanied by a stethoscope. As such they require some skills in taking blood pressure - whichin fact can be quickly and easily learnt. The digital monitors have either manually or automaticpumped cuffs and come with a built in LCD screen that shows the reading. Recently many popularmodels allow for wrist or even finger readings. The digital blood pressure monitors are the easiestto use. The other important factors that you may need to consider when choosing a bloodpressure monitor are the cuff sizes. Some monitors come with large and small cuffs. It is essentialthat the correct size of cuff for the circumference of the patient's arm is used. If the cuff is toosmall, the blood pressure readings are too high and with an over-large cuff blood pressure readingare too low. In practice, cuffs must be clearly marked with the appropriate maximum and minimumarm sizes to which they apply. As the accuracy might be the most important factor you need torealize that some "cool" looking finger cuff or watch based units may frequently not be as accurateas arm units for some people. The same may also concern certain wrist models. Moreover, asystematic error can occur due to differences in the position of the wrist relative to the heart. Theother blood pressure monitor features are more of your personal preference nature and mayinclude: - Automatic inflation with fuzzy logic - usually automatically adjusts to changes in your bloodpressure and allows simple, one button operation. - Memory features - some digital models have memory features build in and allow to store certainnumbers of readings in the device internal memory. - Display size - some oversized displays are easier to read and they may show other unit featuresas clock, date, memory stored data, etc. - Power supply - there are models that may include AC adapter for home use convenience. - PC connection - some newest model come with software and cables to connect to personalcomputers, what gives the ability of better data storage and usually of much better graphicalrepresentation and analysis of long term measurements. Additionally, they allow for easy printingout of the long term reading takings to present them to your doctor.
 - Easy of use - if you are not a techno geek you may like to stick with simper models notoverloaded with functions, which you may never use and which sometimes can make the use ofbase functions confusing. Remember, it's a blood pressure meter you are looking for. - Warranty - may vary from one to several years. - Price - buying online may usually bring your costs down, but you will need to do your research,and it is always safer to buy from a reputable company in case you have warranty issues or youwould simply like to return the product. There are several reputable online companies which sellblood pressure monitors. If you are not sure if your home blood pressure monitor gives you correct readings, you may take itwith you to your doctor's office and compare there the readings of your monitor to those taken onthe same occasion by your nurse or doctor using their professional monitor. A common misconception is that the high blood pressure does not develop and thus does notneed to be checked until person reaches a middle age. In fact, even children as young as 6 yearsold can have a high blood pressure. The American Heart Association advises to start having yourblood pressure checked at an early age to help prevent the development of debilitating high bloodpressure related conditions. Talk to your doctor or your nurse about monitoring at home. Many health professionals activelyencourage people with high blood pressure to take and monitor their readings themselves. Youcan discuss how often you need to take readings and when you need to contact your doctor'soffice. You can work together with your health care provider to ensure you are well informed andthat your blood pressure is being treated effectively. B. A. Kwiatkowski, Ph.D. has been involved in biomedical research for over two decades andpublished several peer reviewed scientific articles in top biomedical journals. Recently he alsowrites popular health and medical research articles for BioMedClub([http://www.biomedclub.com]). You can find more details on high blood pressure in our knowledgebase: http://www.biomedclub.com/articles/index.php, and a wide choice of blood pressuremonitors in our store: [http://www.biomedclub.com/reports/store.html] under the Blood PressureMeters Category.  Article Source:http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=B._A._Kwiatkowski,_Ph.D. 

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