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Published by: api-74593267 on Jan 06, 2012
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09/28/2013

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Nos. 11-393 and 11-400
================================================================
 In The
Supreme Court of the United States
---------------------------------
---------------------------------NATIONAL FEDERATION OFINDEPENDENT BUSINESS, et al.,
 Petitioners,
v.KATHLEEN SEBELIUS, Secretary of Health and Human Services, et al.,
 Respondents.
---------------------------------
---------------------------------STATES OF FLORIDA, et al.,
 Petitioners,
v.DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH ANDHUMAN SERVICES, et al.,
 Respondents.
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
On Writs Of Certiorari To The United StatesCourt Of Appeals For The Eleventh Circuit
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
BRIEF OF MEMBERS OF THE UNITED STATESSENATE AS
 AMICI CURIAE
IN SUPPORT OFPETITIONERS ON THE ISSUE OF SEVERABILITY
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
J
 AMES
F. B
ENNETT
 
Counsel of 
 
 Record
 R
OSEMARIE
B
LASE
 D
OWD
B
ENNETT
LLP7733 Forsyth BoulevardSuite 1410St. Louis, Missouri 63105(314) 773-8900 jbennett@dowdbennett.comC
 ARRIE
S
EVERINO
 Chief Counsel and Policy DirectorT
HE
J
UDICIAL
C
RISIS
N
ETWORK 
 113 2nd Street NEWashington, DC 20002
================================================================
COCKLE LAW BRIEF PRINTING CO. (800) 225-6964OR CALL COLLECT (402) 342-2831
 
iTABLE OF CONTENTSPageINTEREST OF
 AMICI CURIAE
........................... 1SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT ....................... 3 ARGUMENT ........................................................ 8I. Introduction................................................ 8II. Courts Must Determine Congress’ Intentto Assess Whether an UnconstitutionalProvision Is Severable ................................ 11 A. Congress Considered the IndividualMandate Essential to the PPACA’sReforms ................................................ 131. The PPACA’s Statutory FindingsHighlight the Individual Man-date’s Importance to the EntireLegislative Scheme ......................... 132. The Legislative History Bolstersthe PPACA’s Clear Textual Expla-nation That the Individual Man-date Was Essential to the HealthCare Reform Effort ......................... 15B. This Court Should Defer to CongressUnderstanding of the Centrality of the Individual Mandate Because thePPACA Was an Inherently PoliticalExercise ............................................... 25III. The Eleventh Circuit Misconstrued ThisCourt’s Severability Test ............................. 31
 
iiTABLE OF CONTENTS – ContinuedPage A. The Eleventh Circuit Failed to Deferto Congress’ Expressed Intent Re-garding the Role of the IndividualMandate ............................................... 31B. The Eleventh Circuit Erroneously Ap-plied a Strong Presumption of Severa-bility Even Though Congress Chose toOmit a Severability Clause ................... 341. Strong Evidence of Non-Severability Is Necessary Only If the Statute Contains an ExpressSeverability Clause ........................ 342. The Eleventh Circuit Erred InDismissing the Fact That Con-gress Chose to Omit a SeverabilityClause ............................................. 36CONCLUSION ..................................................... 39

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