An Introduction To W orld-wide I nter-operability forM icrowave Acc ess (Wi –MAX)
The Wi-MAX certification mark is given to product that pass conformity andinteroperability test for the IEEE 802-16 standard which caters for the Air interfacestandard for point-to-multipoint broad-band Internet access over a wirelessconnection.
2.0General details of Wi-MAX
:Wi-MAX is an acronym that stands for
Interoperability forMicrowave Access.
It is an ideal method for ISP to deliver high speed broadband tolocations where wired connections would be difficult or costly. Wi-MAX delivers a point-to-multipoint architecture. It doesn't require a direct line of sight between thesource and endpoint and it has a service range of 50 Kms. It provides a shared datarate of up to 70 Mbps, which is enough to service up to a thousand homes with high-speed access.The main advantages of Wi-MAX are:
High speed of broadband service upto 70 Mbps.
Wireless rather than wired access, so that it would be a lot less expensive thancable or Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and much easier to extend to suburbanand rural areas.
Broad coverage like the cell phone network instead of small Wi-Fi hotspots ,50 Kms.There are following, two corresponding Wi-MAX standards:
is for fixed point-to-point and point-to-multipointwireless access. It is akin to a faster, airborne version of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) or cable-modem services, It is also called first Non Line of Sight(NLOS), Broad-Band Wireless access (BWA) standard.
is for mobile wireless access from laptops and hand held. Itis analogous to a faster version of third-generation (3G) telecommunicationstechnology. (Wi-Max proponent Intel Corp. has promised 802.16e-enabledlaptops by early 2007)True roaming cell-like wireless broadband , is
IEEE standard 802.20
, which iscompatible with Wi-MAX.
3.0Working of Wi-MAX
:Wi-MAX operates similar to Wi-Fi but at higher speeds, over greater distances andfor a greater number of users. It consists of following two parts: a)A Wi-MAX tower, similar in concept to a cell-phone tower, and which can provide coverage to a very large area as big as 3,000 square miles (~8,000square km). b)A Wi-MAX receiver, and antenna could be like a PCMCIA (PersonalComputer Memory Card International Association) card, or they could be built into a laptop similar to Wi-Fi access.