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Table Of Contents

WinD enerGy anD Global enerGy SUpply
1) riSinG enerGy priceS anD enerGy SecUrity
overview
What role should nuclear energy play in the future of energy supply?
are decentralized energy networks viable?
How much energy can a turbine generate?
can wind turbines be economical?
What are the impacts of climate change?
2) environmental iSSUeS
How dependent is climate change on man-made co2?
Where are the main sources of carbon emissions?
is nuclear energy a low carbon emitter?
Shouldn’t money be spent on other things?
can we afford renewable energy and sustainability when economies are slow?
Urban Wind energy potential
tHe potential extractable poWer content oF tHe WinD
1) Small WinD enerGy: retroFittinG anD bUilDinG-moUnteD WinD tUrbineS
2) larGe WinD enerGy: StanD-alone WinD tUrbineS
3) bUilDinG-inteGrateD WinD tUrbineS
energy yields – a potential concern?
value of investment – a potential concern?
percentage of energy demand – a potential concern?
building-integrated turbine design examples
4) tHe FUtUre oF Urban WinD enerGy
Where are we today? a model for the future
SUmmary
Urban Wind energy Feasibility Study
initial inveStiGationS, DeciSion-makinG anD tHe FeaSibility StUDy
1) project aimS
2) initial WinD reSoUrce eStimation anD Site StUDy
SpeciFic WinD SpeeDS in relation to WinD tUrbine operation
macro-scale wind speeds
micro-scale wind speeds
What, where and when to assess?
3) environmental impactS anD SUitable/available tecHnoloGieS
public safety
visual effects
Shadow ficker and blade-refected light
electromagnetic interference (emi)
4) economic aSpectS
Simple predicted payback assessment
Detailed methodology for assessing costs
npv equation
Grants and fund-raising
turbine technology
1) tUrbine typeS
HaWt vs vaWt
lift vs drag
tHe oriGin oF tHe ‘liFt’ anD ‘DraG’ ForceS on tUrbine blaDeS
2) Generator typeS
Synchronous and induction
Fixed-speed and variable-speed
Gearbox and direct-drive
permanent magnets and electromagnets
3) blaDe DeSiGn
Coeffcient of performance
tip speed ratios (tSr)
tHe variation oF apparent WinD on larGe-Scale HaWt blaDeS
Coeffcient of performance and wind speed
calcUlatinG tHe tip SpeeD anD tHe tip SpeeD ratio
passive stall
yawing and tilting
blade bending
tip control/breaks
lightning protection
5) toWer DeSiGn
How high should a tower be?
tHe neGative eFFectS oF tUrbUlence on enerGy yielDS
erecting towers on building roofs
6) GriD connection
7) SoUrcinG eqUipment
Wind class
re-engineered turbines
Sourcing for building-integrated turbines
8) WinD enerGy yielD enHancement tecHniqUeS
Wind acceleration and turbine siting
building-integrated Wind turbines
1) General GUiDelineS For bUilDinG-inteGrateD WinD tUrbineS
Generic options for building-integrated wind turbines
2) WinD Directionality anD bUilDinG orientation
potential pitFallS WHen acceleratinG WinDS
4) environmental impactS, bUilDinG DeSiGn anD planninG
visual impacts
Safety and turbine suspension
noise emission of building-integrated turbines
architectural integration and organization of space
planning and the effect of local buildings on turbine performance
conclusions
appendix 1: Turbine manufacturers
acronyms and abbreviations
index
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Urban Wind Energy (2009)BBS

Urban Wind Energy (2009)BBS

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Published by cgusti_20033280

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Published by: cgusti_20033280 on Jan 07, 2012
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03/13/2013

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