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PPT on Biogas Enrichment and Bottling Technology_IITD_India

PPT on Biogas Enrichment and Bottling Technology_IITD_India

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: अश्विनी सोनी on Jan 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/08/2013

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By 
Dr. Virendra K. Vijay 
Centre for Rural Development & Technology Indian Institute of Technology, DelhiHauz Khas, New Delhi, IndiaE-mail: vkvijay@rdat.iitd.ernet.in, vkvijay14@hotmail.com
IITD
Biogas enrichment and bottling technologyfor automobile fuel-IIT Delhi Technology-Case study of goshalain Rajasthan
 
Introduction
Biogas is an important renewable energy resource for rural areas in India.
It is produced by anaerobic digestion of biological wastes.
It is an environment friendly,clean, cheap and versatile fuel.
Biogas generally comprise of 55-65 % methane, 35-45 % carbon dioxide,0.5-1.0 % hydrogen sulfide and traces of water vapour.
Average calorific value of biogas is 20 MJ/m
3
(4713 kcal/m
3
).
 
Biogas like Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) cannot be liquefied undernormal temperature and pressure.
Critical temperature required for liquefaction of methane is -82.1
o
C at 4.71MPa pressure, therefore use of biogas is limited nearby the biogas plant.
An estimate indicates that India has a potential of generating 6.38 X 10
10
m
3
of biogas from 980 million tones of cattle dung produced annually.
The heat value of this gas amounts to 1.3 X 10
12
MJ. In addition, 350
million tones of manure would also produce along with biogas.
 

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