or patriarchs is understood to be applicable to major archiepiscopal Churches or major archbishops, unless the common law expressly provides otherwise or it is evident fromthe nature of the matter" (CCEO.151, 152). The Syro Malabar and the Ukranian churchesare the two Major Archiepiscopal churches in catholic communion.
church, which is governed by a Metropolitan, is called a Metropolitanchurch
A Metropolitan Church
is presided over by the Metropolitanof a determined see who has been appointed by the Roman Pontiff and is assisted by acouncil of hierarchs according to the norm of law" (CCEO. 155§1). The catholicMetropolitan churches are the following: Malankara, Ethiopian, Rumenian, Ruthenian
1.4. Other Churches
Other than the above mentioned three forms of
churches there are some other
which is neither patriarchal nor major archiepiscopal nor Metropolitan, and is entrusted to a hierarch who presides over itin accordance with the norm of common law and the particular law established by theRoman Pontiff"
The following oriental catholic churches are of this juridical status: Belorussian, Bulgarian, Greek, Hungarian, Italo-Albanian, Slovakian,Yugoslavian, Albanian, Russian.Thus altogether there are 21 oriental
churches in catholic communion. AndMalankara Catholic Church is one of the four Metropolitan
churches. In thefollowing lines let us see an enumeration of hierarchical order and canonical competenceof the Metropolitan church.
2.The Juridical Status of the Metropolitan Church: An Historical Overview