Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
Normally, unfaithful people are subject to cause and effect. Their sins would snare them, and theywould be destroyed if they continued. Eventually, their family would be destroyed. But, like Cain,Davids family has been exempted from this. Instead of abandoning Davids children, God promises tocorrect them. But how does this work?Is. 22:20
And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the sonof Hilkiah: And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and Iwill commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. And the key of the house of David will I lay uponhis shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throneto his fathers house. And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his fathers house, theoffspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons. In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.
In the verses before, God is rebuking Shebna, who was over the house of Hezekiah. Because of hisunfaithfulness, God promised to remove him from his office. In Shebnas place, God places Eliakim. If you look at the story of Hezekiah in Isaiah 36:3, Eliakim is over Hezekiahs house, and Shebna is now ascribe. God made good on His word. Eliakim received the key of the house of David.Isaiah compares it to a nail on a sure place. The nail holds other vessels up. Shebna was the nail in thesure place. But since he was unfaithful, the nail was removed and another nail stuck in place. This wasEliakim, and on him they hung all the glory of his fathers house.This illustrates how the covenant worked. The promise was never made to an individual, but the wholefamily of David. He allows people to occupy their positions until they are no longer deemed fit to staythere. The person loses their position, and God puts someone else in their place. Eliakim, a more faithfulman, takes Shebnas position. By moving out the people who are unfaithful and moving in the faithful,God worked to preserve Davids house.The captivity was a more drastic measure taken to preserve Israel. It purged Israel of idolaters andunfaithful. When the captivity ended, the faithful families returned and the rest stayed where they werescattered. The number that returned was very few compared to beforehand. But like Noah, Godintended for Judah to make a fresh start. It preserved part of Davids line from sin.Ezek. 34:2,5
Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto the shepherds; Woe be to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks?...And they were scattered, because there is no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered.