Inner product spaces
Compatible norm
If we have an inner product space, we can deﬁne a
compatible
norm by,
x
:=
x,x
.
This is not the only possible norm, but compatibility with the inner product is required togeneralize
R
3
intuition about distances and angles.Notice that this norm looks a lot like a Euclidean norm (or “2norm”).In
R
n
it is the Euclidean norm.
Norm properties:
1.
x
≥
0 and
x
= 0
⇐⇒
x
= 0 comes from the inner product properties.2.
αx
=
αx,αx
1
/
2
= (
αα
x,x
)
1
/
2
=

α

2
x,x
1
/
2
=

α

x
.
3. Triangle inequality. This one is trickier ...
Roy Smith: ECE 210a:
6
.4
Inner product spaces
Key idea:
Inner products convey the idea of an “angle” between vectors.We will see that we can deﬁne such an angle by,cos
θ
=
x,y
x
y
.
This gives the idea of orthogonality; vectors can be perpendicular to oneanother.
x
⊥
y
⇐⇒
x,y
= 0 (i.e.
θ
=
π/
2)
.
This will allow us to generalize our geometric intuition in
R
3
to higher dimensional spaces.
Roy Smith: ECE 210a:
6
.3