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44 2003 All Star Defense by Roman Hannes

44 2003 All Star Defense by Roman Hannes

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Published by Michael Schearer

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Published by: Michael Schearer on Jan 09, 2012
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Defensive Playboo
- 1 -
Assistant Coach: Roman HannesGhent GatorsDefensive Coordinator: Piqueur Roald
2003 All Star Defense General System
Basic Defensive Philosophy 
There is no one defense that can defend all offensive possibilities. A good offensepossesses the capabilities to exploit a defense if it remains static in its style of play.Our All Star team will have a dynamic approach to defense - we will beunpredictable by varying the alignments, using reading and penetrating styles of attack, and different run/pass postures. In implementing this approach, pressure isplaced on the offense to recognize the defense, and make the appropriateadjustments in order to insure proper play execution. Invariably, this leads tobreakdowns or errors by the offensive team.
Defending The Pass
The basic ingredients for successful pass defense, regardless of whether it is zoneor man-to-man coverage, are as follows:
A good pass rush;
Integrated and coordinated action of Linemen, Linebackers, andDefensive Backs must be achieved;
A variety of pass coverages are essential; and
Varying the defensive mindset from maximum pressure to maximumpass coverage.
Zone Coverage
In zone pass coverage, the field is divided into zones or areas that become theresponsibility of a specific pass defender. They vary in width and depth are definedin more specific terms according to the offensive formation, down and distance, andfield position. All zones are overlapping and players must recognize that boundariesare not absolute.Normally those defenders who are widest or deepest in the defensive formation willbe in a position to cover larger territories.In addition, players continually should be aware of the position of the ball on the fieldin order to determine the correct angle of drop to their respective zones. A player aligned to the short side of the field must take a much more vertical drop to cover their zone than a player aligned to the wide side of the field. For outside defenders,the sideline or numbers should be a major reference point, while the hashmarks helpthe inside defenders locate their zone.Zone coverages are susceptible to the following types of pass patterns:
Influence Pattern - a receiver runs through areas that are theresponsibility of different defenders.
Flood Pattern - the placement of more than one receiver in an areadefended by one defensive player.
Seam or Level Patterns - receivers run patterns in the area between twozones (vertical and horizontal).
Defensive Playboo
- 2 -
Assistant Coach: Roman HannesGhent GatorsDefensive Coordinator: Piqueur Roald
Pass Zones
Deep Outside 1/3 Deep Middle 1/3
Deep Outside 1/3
Deep 1/2
Deep 1/2
Flats ZoneShort outside zones that extend horizontally from the sideline in 12 yards andvertically from the line of scrimmage to 12 yards deep.Curl ZonesElongated short zones that extend horizontally from the flats in 5 yards and runvertically from the line of scrimmage to a depth of approximately 20 yards.Hook ZonesShort inside zones that run horizontally from the curl zone in 5 yards. Vertically, thezone extends from the line of scrimmage to a depth of 12 yards. In most defensivecoverages the hook and curl zones are covered by the same person.Middle ZoneThe area between the two hook zones. The zone extends vertically from the line of scrimmage to a depth of 12 yards.Deep ZonesIn three deep zone coverage the field is divided into three equal zones. Thesezones have a horizontal width of approximately 18 yards each and extend from 12yards off the line of scrimmage back to the goal line. The two outside zones are thedeep outside, and the zone between them is the deep middle.In two deep zone coverage the field is divided into halves horizontally. Each half hasa width of approximately 28 yards and extend vertically from 12 yards off the line of scrimmage back to the goal line.Principles of Zone CoverageThe following principles must be remembered when playing zone coverage:1.Assume a proper stance and alignment. Awareness of the basic run or passresponsibilities are a must and should be rehearsed mentally prior to the play.2.Awareness of down and distance helps the player anticipate the offensiveplay.
Defensive Playboo
- 3 -
Assistant Coach: Roman HannesGhent GatorsDefensive Coordinator: Piqueur Roald
3.At the snap of the ball the defender reads the offensive key and reactsappropriately.4.From initial key, react to the quarterback action (dropback, roll to, roll away)while dropping to the middle of the pre-determined zone. A cross-over or backpedal technique may be used.5.Focus on the quarterback's shoulder and where he is looking, to helpanticipate the intended receiver.6.With practice, pass defenders develop an awareness of receivers entering or leaving their zone. Verbal communication systems for this purpose are amust! Cues or calls such as "ball' (ball thrown), "bingo" (pass intercepted) 'inor out" (man entering or leaving a zone), will be used.7.Deep defenders (those responsible for deep zones) must always be as deepas the deepest receiver in their assigned area.8.To accomplish zone discipline, the defender must remain in the assigned areauntil the flight of the ball has been determined.9.Once the ball is thrown, the defender plays the ball and not the man. Mentallycalculate the interception point based on the speed and flight of the ball andthe probable pass route. Move to the interception point as quickly as possibleto make the play. All other defenders should take an appropriate pursuitangle.10.Make the play using the following order of priority; intercept the ball, knock theball down, or tackle the pass receiver.
Man to Man Coverage
Man to man coverage refers to a situation where specific defensive personnel areassigned to cover certain offensive personnel. Although usually easier for players tolearn, its major disadvantage occurs when there is a mismatch in athletic abilitybetween an offensive and defensive player, or when weather and field conditionslimit its use.
Keep in mind that if a defender is clearly beaten as a result of either of theabove factors, a big gain or a major score may occur!
Receivers that stay in to block should not be discounted as potential pass receiversuntil at least two seconds after the snap of the ball. Normally, most delayed patternsor screen passes develop by then. Once the defender is sure that his man is notinvolved in a pass route, he can become free and react to the ball by helpingsomeone else, or become an extra pass rusher.Communication among defensive personnel is critical if confusion is to be avoided.Generally, early motion by the running backs or receivers is not a problem as long asthe defense communicates. Every defender must know who has which potentialoffensive receiver.Principles of Man to man CoverageMan to man coverage requires different and more extensive skills, coupled with ahigher degree of athletic ability, than does zone coverage.The basic skills associated with man-to-man coverage include:1.Proper stance and alignment. As in zone coverage, the defender must knowhis pass and run responsibilities and be able to anticipate the play prior to thesnap of the ball, based on down, distance and opponents' tendencies.

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