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Modul Perpangkatan Akar Dan Logaritma

Modul Perpangkatan Akar Dan Logaritma

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Published by dekle

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Published by: dekle on Jan 09, 2012
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04/21/2013

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MODUL MATEMATIKAPERSIAPAN UJIAN NASIONAL 2012TAHUN AJARAN 2011/2012
MATERIPERPANGKATAN AKAR DAN LOGARITMAUNTUK KALANGAN MA AL-MU’AWANAH
MADRASAH ALIYAH AL-MU’AWANAHBEKASI SELATAN2012
Jalan RH. Umar Kp. Ceger Rt. 002/018 No. 61 Jakasetia Bekasi Selatan 17147Website:http://www.ma-almuawanah.sch.id Telp. (021) 82416835
 
www.belajar-matematika.com- 1
BAB I. PERPANGKATANDAN BENTUK AKAR
PERPANGKATAN
 
Pengertian:
n
a
= a x a x a …..x an faktor
Sifat-sifat:
1.
m
a
.
n
a
=
nm
a
+
 2.
m
a
:
n
a
=
nm
aa
=
nm
a
; a
03.
nm
a
)( =
mn
a
 4.
n
ba
).( =
n
a
 
n
b
 5.
n
ba
 ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ 
=
nn
ba
; b
06.
0
a
= 1, a
07.
n
a
=
n
a
1; a
08.
nm
a
 / 
=
n m
a
 
Persamaan pangkat
:1
.
)(
 x f 
a
=
)(
 xg
a
 
 
f(x) = g(x)2.
)(
 x f 
a
=
 p
a
 
 
f(x) = puntuk a >0 dan a
1
Pertidaksamaan:
)(
 x f 
a
>
)(
 xg
a
 
1.
 
f(x) > g(x) untuk a > 12. f(x) < g(x) untuk 0<a <1
BENTUK AKARPengertian:
n
a
= b
a =
n
b
 
Sifat-sifat:
 1.
a
x
b
=
ab
 2.
ba
=
ba
 3.
n
ba
=
nn
ba
 4.
n m
a
=
nm
a
 5.
n
ab
=
n
a
.
n
b
 6.
mn m
a
=
mnm
a
=
n
a
1
=
n
a
 7.
mn
a
=
mn
a
1
=
mn
a
 8. a
 x
 
±
b
 x
= (a
±
b)
 x
 9. a
b
. c
= ac
bd 
 10.
ba
2
=
2
a
x
b
= a
b
 Catatan :
a
+
b
 
)(
ba
+
 
a
-
b
 
)(
ba
 
 
www.belajar-matematika.com- 2
Merasionalkan Penyebut :
1.
a
1=
a
1.
aa
=
aa
=
a
1 
a
 2.
ba
+
1=
ba
+
1.
baba
=
baba
 3.
ba
1=
ba
1.
baba
++
=
baba
+
2
 

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