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Man Made Diamonds - Myths vs Reality,

Man Made Diamonds - Myths vs Reality,

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Published by nordend123
Diamonds continue to sparkle despite all the global gloom
Value spiked 30% in 2011 and are expected to stabilise in 2012 .
Stay informed, join our free newsletter at http://www.diamondsnews.com
Diamonds continue to sparkle despite all the global gloom
Value spiked 30% in 2011 and are expected to stabilise in 2012 .
Stay informed, join our free newsletter at http://www.diamondsnews.com

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: nordend123 on Jan 09, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 ==== ====Diamonds continue to sparkle despite all the global gloom. Value spiked 30% in 2011 and areexpected to stabilise in 2012 . Subscribe our free newsletter if you like diamonds.http://www.diamondsnews.com/  ==== ====Exterior Flaws Blemishes These diamond flaws are present on the surface of a stone and can occur naturally. However,these are more likely to be caused due to the external environment, when a diamond was beingcut and polished. These blemishes are classified as under. Scratches These are fine lines found on the surface of the diamond. They may have been present naturallyor caused when a diamond was cut. While minor scratches can be removed through properpolishing, deep scratches need to be carefully considered while purchasing a stone. Extra facets These are usually cut to remove blemishes or certain close to surface inclusions on diamonds. Attimes these extra facets are also cut to enhance the brilliance of the diamond. These do notusually affect the clarity grade of a diamond. Fracture A breakage in diamonds that is not parallel to the cleavage plane is referred to as a fracture.Fractures are usually irregular in shape making a diamond look chipped. The practice of fracturefilling is commonly employed to improve the clarity of such diamonds. Fingerprints Fingerprint inclusions in the shape of fingerprints can sometimes be found in diamonds. Howeversuch inclusions are rare in diamonds as compared to other stones like rubies. Such inclusions areusually formed during fluid assisted partial healing of fractures already present in stones. For thisto take place in diamonds, high pressures and temperatures are required, which is unusual. Tillnow few such inclusions have been reported in natural blue and colorless diamonds. While thiscould indicate that diamonds have been HPHT treated , giving the required temperatures forfingerprint inclusions, such is not always the case. The earth may also cause geologically hightemperatures, leading to the formation of fingerprint inclusions. Pits
 Small holes may be present on the surface of a diamond. These pits are usually not visible to thenaked eye. However, pits present on the table facet of a diamond are usually visible and reducethe clarity of a diamond. Nicks Diamonds are also chipped at places causing the appearance of nicks. This is often repaired byadding extra facets. However too many facets reduce the brilliance of a diamond and are to beavoided. Naturals This refers to the original surface of the diamond which has not been polished and left as it is.Naturals are usually left on or near the girdle of the diamond. While these are considered asblemishes, the presence of naturals is a sign of good cutting practice, where the cutter hasmanaged to retain as much of the original weight as possible. Indented naturals are also seen toexist on some stones, where the portion of the natural is seen to dip inside slightly from thediameter of the stone. Here the cutter usually leaves the indented natural either at the girdle orpavilion of the stone, in order to keep it less noticeable. In such positions, the natural is not visibleeven with a loupe. Indents can be removed if the cutter polishes out rougher. However, this wouldresult in a drop of the diamond's weight by up to 25%. Carbons Diamonds are made from carbon, usually graphite. Nevertheless, while a diamond is beingformed, it may not totally crystallize leading to the presence of small dots of black carbon. Theseblack spots have been classified to be those of graphite, pyrrhotite and pentlandite. These surfaceflaws resemble a small black dot and may affect the clarity of the stone depending on the size ofimperfection. The occurrence of this kind of flaw is rare in diamonds as compared to pinpointinclusions. Carbons are usually seen in white or blue-white stones. However carbons are notcommonly found in diamonds of poorer colors. Chips The breaking off of a small piece of diamond towards the surface is usually referred to as chipping.The term may be confused with 'diamond chips' which refer to very small pieces of diamonds.These are usually caused due to minor impact from the environment. Downward impact causedwhen a stone is being set or is being worn, can cause chips on the culet of the diamond. As theseare commonly caused when a diamond is worn, it is suggested that while diamonds are being set,a little space be left between the base of the diamond and the head of the prongs of the ring. Thisspace acts as a cushion protecting the diamond from possible chipping when it falls. Chips arehowever easy to remove. Cavity Larger chipping in diamonds leads to a diamond cavity. This term thus refers to the presence of alarge or deep opening in a diamond. These can be caused either accidentally or when a diamond
cutter has removed a large crystal inclusion close to the diamond surface. Internal flaws Crystal/ mineral inclusions Some diamonds show the presence of small crystals, minerals or other diamonds. These areclassified in various categories depending upon the size and structure of the inclusion. While manysuch inclusions are small in size and not visible to the naked eye, some diamonds may have largeinclusions, which can be seen with the naked eye and can affect a diamond's clarity and also itslife. Some crystals resemble a diamond inside a diamond and may also add to the look of thestone. These take on shapes of bubbles, needles or grains and are classified as under Pinpoint inclusions As the name implies, these inclusions are minute crystals usually white in color present inside thediamond. These resemble a small point of light and are, by far, the most common of all flawsfound in diamonds. Most pinpoint inclusions do not affect the clarity of a diamond and are notvisible to the naked eye and are usually not indicated on the plotting diagrams of diamond reports.Comments such as pinpoints not shown may be listed in the comments section. Needles Diamond crystals in a diamond can also be present in the form of long and thin needles. Thesemay not be visible to the naked eye, unless the needle inclusion is of a noticeable color or has anoticeable presence. Some needle inclusions are known to give diamonds a special look too. Cloud The presence of three or more pinpoint inclusions close together can create an area of haze or acloud in the diamond. While the occurrence of a small cloud is not visible to the naked eye,presence of many pinpoints covering a large area can affect the clarity of the diamond. These areusually indicated on grading reports in the form of tiny red dots close together or as circles andother formations. Knots When diamond crystals extend to the surface of the diamond, they are referred to as knots. Thesecan be viewed under proper lighting conditions with a diamond loupe. Certain knot formations mayalso cause raised areas on particular facets of the diamond. The presence of knots may affectboth the clarity and durability of the diamond and are best avoided. Grain lines Crystal inclusions in diamonds can also occur in the form of lines, known as grain lines. These areusually formed due to improper crystallization of the diamond, when it was being formed. Grainlines can also be caused due to improper polishing of the diamond. Even skilled diamond cuttersmay come across diamonds with variations in hardness when a facet is polished. This can cause

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