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Journal Entry 05 - Week 10 - War Crimes

Journal Entry 05 - Week 10 - War Crimes

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Published by: zimmerpflanze on Nov 06, 2008
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09/07/2012

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Journal Entry 05: Resistance to War Crimes
Class:
Women and Peacemaking 
Instructor:
 Dr Anna Snyder 
By
(321875)
Table of Contents
<Title of assignment>......................................................................................................................1<First Chapter>...........................................................................................................................1
Theory 
Rhonda Copelon work deals with an extremely important field of research: Rape andsexualized violence against women in times of war. Right in the beginning she brings up acentral question: Is rape a crime of war and why? Luckily, at least from the point of view of international relations this question has been answered: Yes, it is. And for all the right reasons, aslaid out in Resolution 1820, on which the United Nations Security Council decided on 19
th
of June 2008. It reads:
4. Notes that rape and other forms of sexual violence can constitute a war crime, a crime against humanity, or a constitutive act with respect to genocide, stresses the need for the exclusion of sexual violence crimes from amnesty provisions in the context of conflict resolution processes, and calls upon Member States to comply with their obligations for prosecuting persons responsible for suchacts, to ensure that all victims of sexual violence, particularly women and girls, haveequal protection under the law and equal access to justice, and stresses theimportance of ending impunity for such acts as part of a comprehensive approach to seeking sustainable peace, justice, truth, and national reconciliation;
Carsten Kaefert: Journal Entry 05: Resistance to War Crimes→TheoryPage 1/3
 
This leaves the question of the “why” unanswered – for which Copelon several options provides. She offers two basic options: Rape is a crime of violence or a crime of honor – whileshe obviously prefers the first notion. The interpretations of rape as a crime of honor differ onlyin nuances in their awfulness: One reading is that the woman as property of her husband isviolated, thus his honor is violated. The other one, concerned about the womans honor, is only better on a first look, as it interprets womans honor as stemming from virginity or castity – thus perpetuating the notion that already fueled the interpretation. Luckily the Security Council goeswith the notion of rape as a crime of violence:
 Recalling its condemnation in the strongest terms of all sexual and other formsof violence committed against civilians in armed conflict, in particular women and children; Reiterating deep concern that, despite its repeated condemnation of violenceagainst women and children in situations of armed conflict, including sexual violence in situations of armed conflict, and despite its calls addressed to all partiesto armed conflict for the cessation of such acts with immediate effect, such actscontinue to occur, and in some situations have become systematic and widespread,reaching appalling levels of brutality, Recalling the inclusion of a range of sexual violence offences in the RomeStatute of the International Criminal Court and the statutes of the ad hocinternational criminal tribunals,
Carsten Kaefert: Journal Entry 05: Resistance to War Crimes→TheoryPage 2/3

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