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Braiding Douglass

Braiding Douglass

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Published by harichaitanyadas

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Published by: harichaitanyadas on Jan 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/23/2013

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DistributorsforTheUnitedKingdomandEire:CLEAVER-HUMEPRESSLtd.
(Macmillan
&
Co.
Ltd.)
10-15St.Martin'sStreet,London,W.C.2
I
BRAIDINGAN"DBRAIDINGMACHINERY
W.A.DOUGLASS
T
1964CENTREXPUBLISHINGCOMPANY-EINDHOVEN
 
CONTENTS
FOREWORD
v
PREFACE
-VII
INTRODUCTIONChapter11.11.21.31.4BRAIDINGMATERIALSSomecommonnaturalbraidingmaterialsYarncountYarnsupplyspoolsSomecommontermsusedinconnectionwithbraid.
2
2
4
57
-
Chapter2MAYPOLEBRAIDERS.2.1Somecommontypesofmaypolebraiders2.2Specialbraiders2.3Maypolebraiderdecks2.4Maypolebraidercarriers
2.5
Maypolecarriersforwire2.6Feedgearsandtake-ups2.7Someunusualbraidingmachines2.8Maypolebraidersusedforlace.2.9Braidersforelastic2.10Cablebraiding2.11Braids2.12Packing.2.13Highspeedbraiders101113131621242630333636
43
45Chapter3SOMEPROBLEMSASSOclATEDWITHCAREANDOPERATIONOFMAYPOLEBRAIDERS523.1Maypolebraidersforwire.633.2Machinedrives
70
3.3Somecarrierandtrackingarrangementsforspecialbraids713.4Terminologyusedinconnectionwithmaypolebraiders79Chapter4MECHANICALANDOPERATIONALFEATURESOFTHE"WARDMELLIAN"RAPIDBRAIDER844.1Base.
85
 
x
CONTENTS
4.2Trackplate854.3Uppercarriers854.4Timing884.5Carrierjamming894.6Tensioning894.7Stoppinglevers(brake)904.8Spools944.9Wirebraiding.954.10Let-offandtake-upreels974.11Traverseorflakinggearforreceptionreels994.12Setting-up994.13Europeanhighspeedbraiders1004.14Theknittingmachineforcableandwirecovering1024.15Ashortsurveyofbraiders(EuropeanandAmerican)1074.16Quantityproductionofbraid.1174.17Wirebraiding.1194.18Someusefulhintsfordealingwithmechanicaltroublespeculiartomaypoletypebraiders.1204.19Hintsfordealingwithcertainmechanicalproblemspeculiartothe"Wardwellian"rapidbraider1274.20Spoolwindingforwirebraid.1324.21Somerecentdevelopmentsconnected
with
hosemakingandcablecovering133
INTRODUCTION
REFERENCES141Braidistheformationofcomparativelynarrowfabricsorrope-likestructuresbyinterlacingdiagonallythreeormorestrandsofmaterial.Awomanplaitingherhair,orEnglish
villagers
dancingroundthemay-pole,andformingabraidofcolouredstreamershangfromthetopofthepole,thesewereearlyhistoricalexamplesofbraidforming.Braidisformedbycrossingstrandsofmaterialdiagonallyinsuchawaythatoneormorestrandspassalternatelyoverandunderoneormorestrandsbeinglaidintheoppositedirection.Theearliestknownbraidingmachinesweremadealmostentirelyofwood,butweresoonabandonedinfavourofthemorerobustmachinesofironandsteelbuiltbytheengineer.Mostearlybraiders,crudelymadecomparedwithpresentdaystandards,wereveryeffectiveandturnedoutsomeexcellentwork.
In
thelaceindustrywherespeedisrelativelyun-important,manyoftheseoldmachinesarestillinregularservice.Manyingeniousattemptshavebeen,andarestillbeingmadetoincreasethespeedandefficiencyofbraidingmachinesandinrecentyearsbraidershavebeenproducedthat,althoughlimitedastoversatility,areverymuchfasterthanthenormalmachine.Functioningsomewhatdifferentlyfromtheordinarybraider,thesehighspeedmachineswillbedescribedinlaterchapters.Inspiteofthesedevelopmentshowever,theoriginaldesignofbraiderisstillusedextensivelyforcertainclassesofwork,andforlace,fancyembroideryandelastic,remainsasyetunchallenged.Modernbraidingmachinesaremanyandvariedandalthoughpresentdaytechniquesandimprovedmaterialshaveadvancedtheperformance,thebasicdesignofslideplatemachinehasremainedunalteredforthepasttwohundredyears.Generallyitisobservedthattherearefourprincipaltypesofmaypolebraidingmachines:INDEX.143
.,
1.Soutache,2.Tubular,3.Flat,4.Special.
....-l

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