govern its dynamics. Though Newton’s laws on how gravity actson mass have been around for some time now, there is still noplausible quantum theory of gravity to explain how mass itself was generated. Moreover, Vera Rubin and Kent Ford’s work at theKitt National Observatory in Arizona, USA, laid the foundation forthe discovery of “dark matter”, which cannot be seen in theconventional sense, and yet pervades close to 60% of thisuniverse. Extensions of the currently prevailing “Standard Model”accommodate the dark matter in the form of Supersymmetryand String theories. According to these current theories, particlesacquire their mass through interactions with an all-pervasivefield called the Higgs field. Though this field is supposed to beeverywhere and at the bottom of all matter, it has still remainedelusive to the probing science of man. This is one reason why theHiggs Boson, which carries this Higgs Field, is dubbed “God’sparticle.” The LHC experiment seeks to find this mysteriousparticle and many other particles called “super-partners” of many of the known particles, some of which could serve as darkmatter candidates and hence seek answers to the origin of universe and dark matter.
2.How is it being done?
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is a mammoth machinethat is the culmination of 20 years of single pointed attention of scientists, engineers and technicians. It is also the most complexmachine ever built by man. The CERN website lists someastounding statistics about this complex instrument. With acircumference just less than 27 km, and straddling the Frenchand Swiss territories, it nestles more than 100 m underground.At full power, the LHC will accelerate protons to 99.9% the speedof light, which loosely means that under the same conditions