Final Year Project Report Abstract.
In this final year project, a 1.82kg homogenous bird model with a simplified geometricalshape is modeled using the Lagrangian formulation. The reliability of the bird model isvalidated by comparing the numerical result with experimental results of a real bird of similar mass impacting normally at an impact velocity of 116m/s onto a flat rigid panel.Results are compared in terms of pressure profile, Hugoniot and stagnation pressure atthe centre of the impact and the bird trajectory after the impact. The obtained numericalresults are found to be comparable in terms of pressure profile and the bird trajectory.Numerical Hugoniot and stagnation pressure are higher by 33% and 20% respectively.This is attributed to the assumptions made in the formulation of the numerical model.The modeling of bird strike using the Lagrangian Arbitrary Eulerian and Smooth ParticleHydrodynamics formulation is then investigated by modeling impact on an elasticaluminum panel. The verified Lagrangian model serves as a medium for comparison of the numerical results. The numerical results obtained from the various formulation showsclose conformity implying their appropriateness as alternative in the simulation of birdstrike.The effect of curvature, of an aircraft windscreen, on the impact response in terms of effective stress at the center of the impact is also investigated. Analysis is made based onthe obtained numerical results. However experimental results are not available tosubstantiate the conclusions made from the numerical results.i