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OTTAWA-#40282437-V1-Crown Immunity Factum (Searchable PDF)

OTTAWA-#40282437-V1-Crown Immunity Factum (Searchable PDF)

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Published by: hknopf on Jan 10, 2012
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COPYRIGHT BOARD
IN THE MATTER
of Proposed Royalties (the “Proposed Tariffs”) to be Collectedby the Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (Access Copyright) for theReprographic Reproduction, in Canada, of Works in its Repertoire for the years2005-2009 and 2010 to 2014 (Provincial and Territorial Governments)
AND IN THE MATTER OF
consideration by the Copyright Board of the ProposedTariff pursuant to section 72(2) of the
Copyright Act 
FACTUMON CROWN IMMUNITY
DateAugust 30, 2011Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLPWorld Exchange Plaza45 O’Connor Street, 20th Floor Ottawa, ON K1P 1A4Nancy K. BrooksRandall J. HofleyPeter W. Hogg, Q.C.Tel: 613-788-2200Fax: 613-788-2247
Lawyers for Access Copyright
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
OVERVIEW.......................................................................................................................1PART I FACTS...............................................................................................................2PART II ISSUES.............................................................................................................3PART III – LAW AND ARGUMENT...................................................................................3ACrown Immunity......................................................................................................31)The rule of Crown immunity and its codification in the
Interpretation Act 
....32)Section 17 of the
Interpretation Act 
applies to the provinces.......................53)The Territories have no standing to assert Crown immunity.......................6BThe principle of Crown immunity is not engaged here.............................................71) The principle is not engaged because protection of copyright promotesthe Crown’s interests – there is no prejudice to the Crown.........................72) The principle is not engaged because of the common-law principle of noexpropriation without just compensation.....................................................10CThe Crown is bound by necessary (and logical) implication....................................111)The purpose of the statute would be wholly frustrated if the Crown wasnot bound...................................................................................................132)There is a clear intention to bind the Crown................................................18(a)Exemptions under the Act which refer to the Crown.......................18(i)Exemption from infringement where performing statutoryobligations...........................................................................19(ii)Exemption from the importation sanction.............................19(iii)Exemption for Archives Canada..........................................20(iv)Exemption for federal and provincial departments andagencies..............................................................................21(b)The Crown considers itself bound by the Act..................................21(i) Cases where the Crown has defended claims of copyrightinfringement........................................................................21(ii)Government policy demonstrates that the Crown is bound..24
Canada
...............................................................................24
Consortium members..........................................................
25(iii)The Consortium members’ contracts to obtain use of copyrighted works..............................................................28(c)Canada’s international obligations evidence clear intention tobind the Crown...............................................................................31(i)NAFTA................................................................................31(ii)TRIPS Agreement...............................................................32(iii)Crown or sovereign immunity..............................................33
 
-2-DThe Benefit / Burden Exception to Crown Immunity Applies....................................331)The benefit / burden analysis......................................................................33(a)The relevance of section 12 to the benefit / burden analysis..........37(i)The rights and privileges referred to in section 12...............37(ii)The benefits gained by the Crown – and the associatedburdens...............................................................................392)Benefit / burden exception and the burden of proof....................................453)The Statement of Agreed Facts evidences the benefits enjoyed by theConsortium.................................................................................................454)The Consortium members’ arguments about purchases of copyrightlicences......................................................................................................465)The Consortium members’ arguments about limited waiver........................47PART IV – ORDER REQUESTED.....................................................................................49

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