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Fit and Well Chp 01

Fit and Well Chp 01

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Published by yinyuan90

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Published by: yinyuan90 on Jan 11, 2012
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09/25/2013

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LOOKING AHEAD.......
After reading this chapter, you should be able to:
Describe the dimensions of wellness
Identify the major health problems in the United States today,and discuss their causes
Describe the behaviors that are part of a wellness lifestyle
Explain the steps in creating a behavior management plan tochange a wellness-related behavior
List some of the available sources of wellness information andexplain how to think critically about them
 1
Introduction toWellness, Fitness,and LiestyleManagement
1. b.
Smoking
 
causes about 440,000deaths per year; obesity is responsiblefor more than 100,000; and alcohol,as many as 85,000.
2. FALSE.
Although the words are usedinterchangeably, they actually havedifferent meanings. The term
health
 refers to the overall condition of thebody or mind and to the presence orabsence of illness or injury. The term
wellness
refers to optimal health andvitality, encompassing six dimensionsof well-being.
3. a.
About
 
27% of college studentssuffer so much stress that it affectstheir academic performance. Highstress levels affect overall health andwellness, making it important tolearn effective stress managementtechniques.
1. Which o the ollowing liestyle actors is the leading preventable cause o death or Americans?
a. excess alcohol consumptionb. cigarette smokingc. obesity
2. The terms
health 
and
wellness 
mean the same thing.
 True or false?
3. Which o the ollowing health-related issues aects the greatest number o college students each year?
a. stressb. colds/flu/sore throatc. sleep problemsd. concern for a friend or family member
 
ANSWERSTEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
http://connect.mcgraw-hill.com
FITNESS AND WELLNESS
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2CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO WELLNESS, FITNESS, AND LIFESTYLE MANAGEMENT
  A
college sophomore sets the following goalsfor herself:To join in new social circles and makenew friends whenever possibleTo exercise every dayTo clean up trash and plant trees in blighted neigh-borhoods in her communityThese goals may differ, but they have one thing in common.Each contributes, in its own way, to this student’s healthand well-being. Not satisfied merely to be free of illness, shewants more. She has decided to live actively and fully—not just to be healthy but to pursue a state of overall wellness.
 WELLNESS: THE NEW HEALTH GOAL
Generations of people have viewed health simply as theabsence of disease. That view largely prevails today; theword
health
typically refers to the overall condition of aperson’s body or mind and to the presence or absence of illness or injury.
 Wellness
is a relatively new concept thatexpands our idea of health. Beyond the simple presenceor absence of disease, wellness refers to optimal healthand vitality—to living life to its fullest. Although we usethe words
health
and
wellness
interchangeably, there aretwo important differences between them:
 
Health—or some aspects of it—can be determinedor influenced by factors beyond your control, suchas your genes, age, and family history. For example,consider a man with a strong family history of prostatecancer. These factors place this man at a higher-than-average risk for developing prostate cancer himself.Wellness is determined largely by the decisions youmake about how you live. That same man can re-duce his risk of cancer by eating sensibly, exercising,and having regular screening tests. Even if he de-velops the disease, he may still rise above its effectsto live a rich, meaningful life. This means choosingnot only to care for himself physically but also tomaintain a positive outlook, keep up his relation-ships with others, challenge himself intellectually,and nurture other aspects of his life.Enhanced wellness, therefore, involves making consciousdecisions to control
risk factors
that contribute to diseaseor injury. Age and family history are risk factors you can-not control. Behaviors such as not smoking, exercising,and eating a healthy diet are well within your control.
 
The Dimensions of Wellness
Experts have defined six dimensions of wellness:• Physical• Emotional• Intellectual• Interpersonal• Spiritual• EnvironmentalEach dimension of wellness affects the others. Further,the process of achieving wellness is constant and dynamic(Figure 1.1), involving change and growth. Ignoring anydimension of wellness can have harmful effects on yourlife. The following sections briefly introduce the dimen-sions of wellness. Table 1.1 lists some of the specificqualities and behaviors associated with each dimension.Lab 1.1 will help you learn what wellness means to youand where you fall on the wellness continuum.
Physical Wellness
 Your physical wellness includes not just your body’s overall condition and the absence of dis-ease but also your fitness level and your ability to care foryourself. The higher your fitness level (which is discussedthroughout this book), the higher your level of physical
Figure 1.1
The wellness continuum.
 The concept of wellness includes vitalityin six interrelated dimensions, all of whichcontribute to overall wellness.
 
S
P
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 R
 I
 T
 U
 A
 L   W
 E
 L
 L
N
S  
 
P  
H  
Y   
S   I   C   
 A  L   
L
L
 N
 E
 S
 S
 
E
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 V
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 R
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 E N  T A L 
L
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 S O C
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 W
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MalaiseVital, meaningful lifeLow levelof wellnessChangeand growthPhysical, mental,emotional symptomsHigh levelof wellness
 health
The overall condition of body or mind and the presenceor absence of illness or injury.
wellness
Optimal health and vitality, encompassing the sixdimensions of well-being.
risk factor
A condition that increases one’s chances of diseaseor injury.
   t   e   r   m   s
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WELLNESS: THE NEW HEALTH GOAL3
wellness will be. Similarly, as you develop the ability totake care of your own physical needs, you ensure a greaterlevel of physical wellness. To achieve optimum physicalwellness, you need to make choices that will help youavoid illnesses and injuries. The decisions you make now,and the habits you develop over your lifetime, will largelydetermine the length and quality of your life.
Emotional Wellness
 Your emotional wellness reflectsyour ability to understand and deal with your feelings. Emo-tional wellness involves attending to your own thoughtsand feelings, monitoring your reactions, and identifyingobstacles to emotional stability. Achieving this type of well-ness means finding solutions to emotional problems, withprofessional help if necessary.
Intellectual Wellness
Those who enjoy intellectual (ormental) wellness constantly challenge their minds. An ac-tive mind is essential to wellness because it detects prob-lems, finds solutions, and directs behavior. People whoenjoy intellectual wellness never stop learning; they con-tinue trying to learn new things throughout their lifetime.They seek out and relish new experiences and challenges.
Interpersonal Wellness
 Your interpersonal (or social)wellness is defined by your ability to develop and main-tain satisfying and supportive relationships. Such rela-tionships are essential to physical and emotional health.Social wellness requires participating in and contributingto your community, country, and world.
Spiritual Wellness
To enjoy spiritual wellness is to pos-sess a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that givemeaning and purpose to your life, especially in difficulttimes. The spiritually well person focuses on the positiveaspects of life and finds spirituality to be an antidote fornegative feelings such as cynicism, anger, and pessimism.Organized religions help many people develop spiritualhealth. Religion, however, is not the only source or form of spiritual wellness. Many people find meaning and purposein their lives on their own—through nature, art, medita-tion, or good works—or with their loved ones.
Environmental Wellness
 Your environmental wellnessis defined by the livability of your surroundings. Personalhealth depends on the health of the planet—from the safetyof the food supply to the degree of violence in society. Yourphysical environment either supports your wellness or di-minishes it. To improve your environmental wellness, youcan learn about and protect yourself against hazards in yoursurroundings and work to make your world a cleaner andsafer place.
Other Aspects of Wellness
Many experts consideroccupational wellness and financial wellness to be ad-ditional important dimensions of wellness.
Occupationalwellness
refers to the level of happiness and fulfillmentyou gain through your work. Although high salaries andprestigious titles are nice, they alone generally do notbring about occupational wellness. An occupationallywell person truly likes his or her work, feels a connectionwith others in the workplace, and has opportunities tolearn and be challenged. Other aspects of occupationalwellness include enjoyable work, job satisfaction, andrecognition from managers and colleagues. An ideal jobdraws on your interests and passions, as well as your vo-cational or professional skills, and allows you to feel thatyou are contributing to society in your everyday work.To achieve occupational wellness, set career goals thatreflect your personal values. For example, a career in salesmight be a good choice for someone who values financialsecurity, whereas a career in teaching or nursing might bea good choice for someone who values service to others.
Financial wellness
refers to your ability to live withinyour means and manage your money in a way that givesyou peace of mind. It includes balancing your income
Table 1.1
Examples of Qualities and Behaviors Associated with theDimensions of Wellness
PHYSICALEMOTIONALINTELLECTUALINTERPERSONALSPIRITUALENVIRONMENTAL
Eating well• ExercisingAvoiding harmfulhabitsPracticing safer sexRecognizing symp-toms of diseaseGetting regularcheckupsAvoiding injuries• Optimism• Trust• Self-esteem• Self-acceptance• Self-confidenceAbility to under-stand and acceptone’s feelingsAbility to sharefeelings withothersOpenness to newideasCapacity to ques-tionAbility to thinkcriticallyMotivation tomaster new skillsSense of humor• Creativity• CuriosityLifelong learning• CommunicationskillsCapacity for inti-macyAbility to estab-lish and maintainsatisfying relation-shipsAbility to cultivatesupport system of friends and familyCapacity for love• Compassion• Forgiveness• Altruism• Joy• FulfillmentCaring for othersSense of meaningand purposeSense of belong-ing to somethinggreater thanoneself Having abundant,clean naturalresources• Maintaining sus-tainable develop-mentRecycling when-ever possible• Reducing pollu-tion and waste
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